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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

The authors describe the implementation of a 3-week dietary intervention in elite race walkers at the Australian Institute of Sport, with a focus on the resources and strategies needed to accomplish a complex study of this scale. Interventions involved: traditional guidelines of high carbohydrate (CHO) availability for all training sessions; a periodized CHO diet which integrated sessions with low and high CHO availability within the same total CHO intake; and a ketogenic low-CHO high-fat diet. Seven-day menus and recipes were constructed for a communal eating setting to meet nutritional goals as well as individualized food preferences and special needs. Menus also included nutrition support before, during, and after exercise. Daily monitoring, via observation and food checklists, showed that energy and macronutrient targets were achieved. Diets were matched for energy (∼14.8 MJ/d) and protein (∼2.1 g·kg−1·day−1) and achieved desired differences for fat and CHO, with high CHO availability and periodized CHO availability: CHO = 8.5 g·kg−1·day−1, 60% energy, fat = 20% of energy and low-CHO high-fat diet: 0.5 g·kg−1·day−1 CHO, fat = 78% energy.  There were no differences in micronutrient intake or density between the high CHO availability and periodized CHO availability diets; however, the micronutrient density of the low-CHO high-fat diet was significantly lower. Daily food costs per athlete were similar for each diet (∼AU$ 27 ± 10). Successful implementation and monitoring of dietary interventions in sports nutrition research of the scale of the present study require meticulous planning and the expertise of chefs and sports dietitians. Different approaches to sports nutrition support raise practical challenges around cost, micronutrient density, accommodation of special needs, and sustainability.

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Nicole Johnson, Katie Hanna, Julie Novak and Angelo P. Giardino

The U.S. Center for SafeSport (Center) is an independent nonprofit organization which is focused on ending all forms of abuse in sport, while carrying out its mission of making athlete well-being the centerpiece of the nation’s sport culture through abuse prevention, education, and accountability

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Hebe Schaillée, Ramón Spaaij, Ruth Jeanes and Marc Theeboom

interests and priorities. Strategic translation involves three distinct practices ( Clavier et al., 2012 ): Finally, logistic translation practices involve the hands-on tasks of coordination and organization. This set of practices primarily focuses on the logistics of communication and linkages with

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Juana Willumsen and Fiona Bull

World Health Organization (WHO) developed guidelines on physical activity, sedentary, and sleep behaviors, as requested by the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity. The WHO guideline process is a rigorous, systematic, and transparent process for the development of recommendations that takes into

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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

population levels of PA exist but need to be prioritized and scaled up to achieve the World Health Organization’s targets to reduce physical inactivity levels by 15% by 2030 10 and assist in achieving the United Nations’ (UN) 2030 sustainable development goals (SDGs; Figure  1 ). 11 Figure 1 —Links between

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Ian McGinnis, Justin Cobb, Ryan Tierney and Anne Russ

pursuits, saccadic eye movements, near-point convergence testing, vestibulo-ocular reflex testing, visual motion sensitivity testing, the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) test, and the Sensory Organization Test (SOT). 7 Most individuals who experience a sport-related concussion will clinically recover

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Beth G. Clarkson, Elwyn Cox and Richard C. Thelwell

women in coaching have been identified in extant literature at individual (e.g., coach burnout; Durand-Bush, Collins, & McNeill, 2012 ), interpersonal (e.g., work-family conflict; Dixon & Bruening, 2007 ), organizational (e.g., lack of training opportunity; Shaw & Allen, 2009 ), and sociocultural

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Kari Stefansen, Gerd Marie Solstad, Åse Strandbu and Maria Hansen

professional. In this image, CASRs are often portrayed as being at odds with a healthy and modern sport culture. This second image is found in the current codes of conduct and ethical guidelines for coaches issued by an increasing number of sport organizations. While sport organizations have shown a marked

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Megan L. Forse, Evan Turner, Silvia A. González, Jakub Kalinowski, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Eun-Young Lee, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Natasha Schranz, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Mark S. Tremblay

and Youth was first created in 2005 by Active Healthy Kids Canada, a registered not-for-profit organization, to advocate for the promotion of physical activity in Canadian children and youth. 11 A summary of the Report Card background and development process has been published elsewhere. 12 The

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Inácio Crochemore M. da Silva, Grégore I. Mielke, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue and Pedro C. Hallal

Activity Questionnaire or Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). 4 – 6 World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted and recommended the use of the GPAQ, 7 , 8 which is being used in the STEPwise approach ( http://www.who.int/chp/steps ) for physical activity surveillance. 9 Although some local