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Billy Chun-Lung So, Calvin Hong-Nin Yuen, Ken Long-Hin Tung, Sheena Lam, Sammy Lan Cheng, Zina Wing-Lam Hung, Rainy Wai-Kwan Leung and Grace Pui-Yuk Szeto

Deep water running research to date has mainly focused on its cardiovascular effects. 2 , 10 Kaneda et al 8 has reported increased obliquus externus abdominis and erector spinae (ES) muscle activity for trunk and pelvis control during DWR compared with walking on land (LW). However, that study did

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Aaron Nelson, Nathan Koslakiewicz and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

were removed following the standing trial with the exception of the markers on the anterior–superior and posterior–superior iliac spines, which tracked pelvis motion during the movement trials. Following the standing calibration trial, subjects performed double-leg drop landings from a 31-cm high box

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull, Mike Fantigrassi and Ian Montel

Also, 5% to 6% of adult sports injuries occur at the hip and pelvis. 9 – 11 It is important for allied health and fitness professionals to be able to recognize common hip musculoskeletal conditions and how they can affect movements, such as the squat. Of interest are the effects of common hip

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Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Jun-Hee Kim and Oh-Yun Kwon

, neurological disease, musculoskeletal dysfunction of the lumbar spine or pelvis, or claustrophobia were recruited and randomly assigned to the ST or EMS group (Figure  1 and Table  1 ). Participants with cardiac pacemakers or other electronic implants were excluded from the EMS group. Individuals who had an

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Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri and Morteza Taghipour

were flexed to 85°. Participants were instructed to perform STS at a self-selected pace while their arms hanging at their sides. Then, they were asked to sit on the stool for 6 s. 5 Cervical spine, upper thoracic spine (T1–T6), midthoracic spine (T7–T12), and lumbar spine Pelvis Torso sagittal ROM

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Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai and Masahiro Iwata

during stretching (B) as seen from the left side. (A) The seat of the dynamometer was maximally raised, and a wedge-shaped cushion was inserted between the trunk and backrest, creating a seat face-back angle of approximately 60°. The subjects were seated in this position and their chest, pelvis, and

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Victoria Fauntroy, Marcie Fyock, Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Esther Nolton and Jatin P. Ambegaonkar

model in a healthy population, is most reliable between sessions when performed by a single-experienced rater. Abbreviations: ABD, abduction; ADD, adduction; ANT, anterior; AT, athletic trainer; ATC, certified athletic trainer; bilat., bilateral; BW, body weight; CPD, contralateral pelvis drop; DDx

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Marcie Fyock, Nelson Cortes, Alex Hulse and Joel Martin

maintaining a level pelvis. Verbal feedback to contract gluteal muscles, run with knees apart and point knee forward. Additional verbal feedback provided if subjects did not maintain desired gait modifications. Verbal feedback to promote forefoot or rearfoot striking. Additional verbal feedback provided if

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Landon Lempke, Rebecca Wilkinson, Caitlin Murray and Justin Stanek

repetitions of hamstring isometric contractions for 6 s followed by relaxation for 5 s), or (3) control group. All interventions were applied to the hamstrings once. Subjects were positioned supine on a treatment table with the nontested thigh and pelvis attached to the table with velcro. Active knee

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John D. McCamley, Eric L. Cutler, Kendra K. Schmid, Shane R. Wurdeman, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos and Sara A. Myers

footwear. This garment was necessary for the accurate marking of anatomical landmarks on the pelvis. 14 Standardized athletic footwear was provided to maintain uniform sole shape and material properties. The subjects wore a Nike Dart men’s walking shoe of the appropriate size. Athletic footwear was used