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Jianwei Duan, Kuan Wang, Tongbo Chang, Lejun Wang, Shengnian Zhang, and Wenxin Niu

0.625-mm slice thickness. Scanning range includes the fifth lumbar vertebrae, intervertebral disc, whole pelvis, and the two proximal femurs in the standard supine position. The image data were imported into Mimics (version 17.0; Materialise, Leuven, Belgium) for segmentation and reconstruction

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Samuel E. Masters and John H. Challis

placed on the feet, shank, thigh, and pelvis and tracked at 300 Hz using a motion capture system (Motion Analysis Corporation, Santa Rosa, CA). There were 4 markers per segment to determine segment position and orientation, and an additional 15 markers on both the shank and thigh to quantify soft tissue

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Renate M. Leithäuser and Ralph Beneke

exclusions—exclusions that didn’t stand the test of time due to lack of evidence. Biological performance-determinant factors favoring men are higher lean body and muscle mass, bone length, pelvis height-to-width ratio, bone and tendon properties, oxygen transport via respiratory tract, cardiac output blood

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David Thivel, Michéle Tardieu, Pauline Genin, Alicia Fillon, Benjamin Larras, Pierre Melsens, Julien Bois, Frédéric Dutheil, Francois Carré, Gregory Ninot, Jean-Francois Toussaint, Daniel Rivière, Yves Boirie, Bruno Pereira, Angelo Tremblay, and Martine Duclos

kids, walking, and housekeeping. • In case of telecommuting, it is important to warm up and stretch 5 to 10 minutes before setting up at your desk, emphasizing on the back, shoulders, and pelvis. A warm-up of the main muscle groups is also recommended. • Initially inactive individuals, or those with a

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Robert W. Norman, Stuart M. McGill, and James R. Potvin

doctoral student Dr. James Walton.) Dr. McGill expanded Norman’s work by developing a highly biofidelic model of the torso, pelvis, and legs, with a detailed focus on the anatomy and mechanics of the lumbar spine. In this way, the movement strategy of the individual was evaluated for skills required to

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Mindy F. Levin and Daniele Piscitelli

phrases in the literature are: “altered motor control of the pelvis,” “scapular motor control retraining,” or “motor control of the spine” (e.g.,  Aldabe et al., 2012 ; Hodges & Richardson, 1996 ; Worsley et al., 2013 ). Reading this, one might assume that the process of control of the pelvis, shoulder

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Megan J. Schroeder, Samuel A. Acuña, Chandramouli Krishnan, and Yasin Y. Dhaher

-dimensional trajectories of 32 markers placed on the participant’s torso, pelvis, and lower extremities at 120 Hz while force plates collected ground reaction data at 2400 Hz. We used 3 force plates mounted within the walkway (AMTI, Watertown, MA), and 2 force plates mounted within the bottom steps of the

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John D. McCamley, Eric L. Cutler, Kendra K. Schmid, Shane R. Wurdeman, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos, and Sara A. Myers

footwear. This garment was necessary for the accurate marking of anatomical landmarks on the pelvis. 14 Standardized athletic footwear was provided to maintain uniform sole shape and material properties. The subjects wore a Nike Dart men’s walking shoe of the appropriate size. Athletic footwear was used

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Erik Wilmes, Bram J.C. Bastiaansen, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Riemer J.K. Vegter, Michel S. Brink, Hidde Weersma, Edwin A. Goedhart, Koen A.P.M. Lemmink, and Geert J.P. Savelsbergh

pelvis and both thighs. These sensors measure 3D acceleration, 3D angular velocity, and 3D magnetic field strength and can be used to estimate joint angular accelerations. Hip Load is defined as the squared magnitude of the joint angular accelerations divided by a scale factor to improve readability (see

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Fredrik Tonstad Vårvik, Thomas Bjørnsen, and Adam M. Gonzalez

. , Bechmann , I. , Milani , T.L. , Özkurtul , O. , Sakai , T. … Hammer , N. ( 2016 ). Reference data on muscle volumes of healthy human pelvis and lower extremity muscles: An in vivo magnetic resonance imaging feasibility study . Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 38 ( 1 ), 97 – 106 . PubMed ID