) reduced feelings of anxiety and depression in healthy people and in people with existing clinical syndromes, and (4) improved cognitive function across the life span. Regular physical activity improves bone health and weight status in children 3 to <6 years and physical function among older people
Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello, and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover
Catherine Carty, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Fiona Bull, Juana Willumsen, Lindsay Lee, Kaloyan Kamenov, and Karen Milton
, comorbidities, physical function, cognitive function, and quality of life, and are summarized in Table 1 . The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation method was used to rate the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. 21 Table 1 Critical Outcomes Considered by Health Condition
Paddy C. Dempsey, Christine M. Friedenreich, Michael F. Leitzmann, Matthew P. Buman, Estelle Lambert, Juana Willumsen, and Fiona Bull
volume, duration, frequency, or intensity of physical activity [O]utcomes (critical) Cancer (survivors) All-cause mortality Cancer-specific mortality Risk of cancer recurrence or second primary cancer Hypertension Risk of co-morbid conditions Physical function Health-related quality of life
Kimberly Hannam, Kevin Deere, Sue Worrall, April Hartley, and Jon H. Tobias
The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility of using an aerobics class to produce potentially bone protective vertical impacts of ≥ 4g in older adults and to determine whether impacts can be predicted by physical function. Participants recruited from older adult exercise classes completed an SF-12 questionnaire, short physical performance battery, and an aerobics class with seven different components, performed at low and high intensity. Maximum g and jerk values were identified for each activity. Forty-one participants (mean 69 years) were included. Mean maximal values approached or exceeded the 4g threshold for four of the seven exercises. In multivariate analyses, age (−0.53; −0.77, −0.28) (standardized beta coefficient; 95% CI) and 4-m walk time (−0.39; −0.63, −0.16) were inversely related to maximum g. Aerobics classes can be used to produce relatively high vertical accelerations in older individuals, although the outcome is strongly dependent on age and physical function.
Jitka Jancova-Vseteckova, Martin Bobak, Ruzena Kubinova, Nada Capkova, Anne Peasey, Michael G. Marmot, and Hynek Pikhart
The aim was to examine the association of objective measures of physical functioning (PF) with education and material circumstances and the decline in PF with age by socioeconomic position (SEP).
In 3,205 subjects (60–75 years) from the Czech Republic, we assessed relationship between PF, SEP, and age. Linear regression was used to assess PF measures and SEP measures.
Cross-sectional decline in PF by age was similar in all individuals. Differences between SEP groups were similar across age groups, except for the difference in walk speed by material circumstances in men—bigger at older ages (p = .004). Men and women with the highest education were about 2 s faster at the chair rise test than those with the lowest education.
Findings suggest strong educational gradient in PF, an inconsistent role of self-assessed material circumstances, and virtually no interaction of SEP with the cross-sectional decline in PF by age.
Katariina Kämppi, Annaleena Aira, Nina Halme, Pauliina Husu, Virpi Inkinen, Laura Joensuu, Sami Kokko, Kaarlo Laine, Kaisu Mononen, Sanna Palomäki, Timo Ståhl, Arja Sääkslahti, and Tuija Tammelin
). The data sources were most recent national monitoring and surveys related to PA including the LIITU study (2016), the School Health Promotion (SHP) Study (2017), National Move! monitoring system for physical functioning capacity 2017 and Promotion of PA in municipalities – TEAviisari 2016. Finland
Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould, and Heather A. McKay
individual level scores ( Mackey et al., 2016 ). We assessed lower extremity physical function with the short physical performance battery (SPPB), which included tests of gait speed, standing balance, and leg strength ( Guralnik et al., 1994 ; Pahor et al., 2014 ). Specifically, participants performed two
Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan
products. Previous studies of higher doses of NO 2 − , that is, ∼2 to ∼4 mmol, provided in the form of sodium salt, have demonstrated improvements in various measures of physical function in older individuals ( Justice et al., 2015 ). It is not known, however, whether the smaller amount found in the
Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio, and Laura E. Middleton
intervention, where individuals have a clear diagnosis and high risk for dementia, but retain much of their abilities. Exercise is one potential strategy to improve wellness among older adults with MCI or dementia. Exercise improves functional abilities, physical function, and possibly cognitive function among
Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe, and Julie Midtgaard
). Efficacy of recreational football on bone health, body composition, and physical functioning in men with prostate cancer undergoing androgen deprivation therapy: 32-week follow-up of the FC prostate randomised controlled trial . Osteoporosis International, 27 ( 4 ), 1507 – 1518 . PubMed ID: 26572756