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Yasuki Sekiguchi, Erica M. Filep, Courteney L. Benjamin, Douglas J. Casa and Lindsay J. DiStefano

hydration status of the subjects exercising in the heat 4 – 8 and it is well known that hydration status impacts physiological and performance responses in the heat. 9 Some of the physiological responses that are desired to elicit heat acclimation (ie, higher heart rate and internal body temperature) are

Open access

Benjamin J. Narang, Greg Atkinson, Javier T. Gonzalez and James A. Betts

; Berthiaume & Zinker, 2002 ), monitoring of stable isotope enrichment in various body pools and associated substrate kinetics ( Garlick et al., 1989 ), and markers of physiological response to exercise such as heart rate and oxygen consumption ( Gore & Withers, 1990 ). Such analyzes have become increasingly

Open access

Stephen Seiler and Øystein Sylta

The purpose of this study was to compare physiological responses and perceived exertion among well-trained cyclists (n = 63) performing 3 different high-intensity interval-training (HIIT) prescriptions differing in work-bout duration and accumulated duration but all prescribed with maximal session effort. Subjects (male, mean ± SD 38 ± 8 y, VO2peak 62 ± 6 mL · kg–1 · min–1) completed up to 24 HIIT sessions over 12 wk as part of a training-intervention study. Sessions were prescribed as 4 × 16, 4 × 8, or 4 × 4 min with 2-min recovery periods (8 sessions of each prescription, balanced over time). Power output, HR, and RPE were collected during and after each work bout. Session RPE was reported after each session. Blood lactate samples were collected throughout the 12 wk. Physiological and perceptual responses during >1400 training sessions were analyzed. HIIT sessions were performed at 95% ± 5%, 106% ± 5%, and 117% ± 6% of 40-min time-trial power during 4 × 16-, 4 × 8-, and 4 × 4-min sessions, respectively, with peak HR in each work bout averaging 89% ± 2%, 91% ± 2%, and 94% ± 2% HRpeak. Blood lactate concentrations were 4.7 ± 1.6, 9.2 ± 2.4, and 12.7 ± 2.7 mmol/L. Despite the common prescription of maximal session effort, RPE and sRPE increased with decreasing accumulated work duration (AWD), tracking relative HR. Only 8% of 4 × 16-min sessions reached RPE 19–20, vs 61% of 4 × 4-min sessions. The authors conclude that within the HIIT duration range, performing at “maximal session effort” over a reduced AWD is associated with higher perceived exertion both acutely and postexercise. This may have important implications for HIIT prescription choices.

Open access

Øyvind Sandbakk

validating or using technology to gain valuable insights into sport physiology and performance. Technology-driven digital solutions may provide knowledge beyond what standard measurements have previously allowed. Positioning systems, inertial movement units, and various sensors that measure physiological

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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

intense exercise bouts, such as self-reported muscle soreness; however, objective measures of muscle force, lactate, CK, and inflammatory markers are hindered. 3 , 19 , 20 The physiological response resulting from PBMT on muscle recovery is quite different than cryotherapy. PBMT affects the tissue at the

Open access

Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

acute and chronic studies demonstrating pressure-dependent physiological responses. 10 – 12 While some studies use the same absolute pressure across all individuals, 13 , 14 setting an arbitrary absolute pressure does not necessarily restrict the same amount of blood flow for each individual and does

Open access

Theodore Kent Kessinger, Bridget Melton, Theresa Miyashita and Greg Ryan

training that could elicit the needed physiological response to RT for substantial muscular growth or adaptations. Increased training volume in subsequent training sessions, with adequate recovery time between sessions, could be an appropriate consideration, considering that it would be “day saving” and

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Berkiye Kirmizigil, Jeffry Roy Chauchat, Omer Yalciner, Gozde Iyigun, Ender Angin and Gul Baltaci

-minute postexercise. Physical performance tests and DOMS induction were conducted at the same time of day (2:00 PM) to avoid fluctuations in physiological responses due to differences in circadian rhythm. They also were conducted indoors in the human performance laboratory of the university, which

Open access

Kayla E. Boehm and Kevin C. Miller

efficiency in hyperthermic individuals . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2008 ; 104 : 67 – 74 . PubMed ID: 18542989 doi:10.1007/s00421-008-0780-0 18542989 10.1007/s00421-008-0780-0 11. Castellani JW , Young AJ . Human physiological responses to cold exposure: acute responses and acclimitization to prolonged

Open access

Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

Numerous studies in recent years have investigated the effects of dietary nitrate (NO 3 − ) on the physiological responses to, and/or performance during, exercise. This interest stems from the fact that dietary NO 3 − is an important source of nitric oxide (NO) via the “reverse” NO 3 −  → nitrite