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Amanda L. Ager, Dorien Borms, Magali Bernaert, Vicky Brusselle, Mazarine Claessens, Jean-Sébastien Roy and Ann Cools

cord injuries, nerve, or plexus injuries) Connective tissue disorders (Ehlers–Danlos syndrome and Marfan syndrome) Systematic disorders (diabetes, lupus, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic fatigue syndrome) Healthy population Intervention Physiotherapy/conservative rehabilitation

Open access

Viviane Ribeiro de Ávila, Teresa Bento, Wellington Gomes, José Leitão and Nelson Fortuna de Sousa

the tibia and fibula); epidemiologic studies; case reports; review articles; or systematic review. Assessment of Methodological Quality The reviewer (V.R.d.A.), previously trained, assessed the methodological quality of each study selected (n = 5) using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull, Mike Fantigrassi and Ian Montel

data were extracted from each article: subject demographics, hip conditions, movement, outcomes, and results. The research design of each study was also identified by the reviewers. Qualifying manuscripts were assessed according to the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale for appraising the quality of

Open access

Timothy M. Wohlfert and Kevin C. Miller

’ TS and RPE during exercise in the heat after they underwent CWI to responses from the same subjects who were not precooled. To be included, studies must have been of level-2 evidence or higher (Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine [CEBM]) 1 and have Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro

Open access

Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri and Morteza Taghipour

participants; reduced ratio of movements and lumbar spine-hip coordination in LBP participants Tully et al 40 (2005), Australia a Forty-seven healthy physiotherapy students (20 males and 27 females); age: 20.1 (2.8) y and BMI: 20.7 (2.3) kg/m 2 2-D Peak Motus Motion Analysis System (PEAK Performance

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Rosa M. Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin and Nicole Cosby

psychological factors during physical rehabilitation for an athlete to rebuild confidence and overcome fear of reinjury. Currently, most physiotherapy and rehabilitation research has primarily focused on the physical treatment without focusing on the psychological aspects of recovery following an injury. 5 , 7

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Blanca de la Cruz Torres

Context: Lateral epicondylalgia (LE) refers to a painful condition at or around the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. LE is one of the most common injuries of the elbow; however, the cause of the pathology is not clear. Patients often experience symptoms consistent with a radial nerve injury; however, data on the involvement of the radial nerve are needed. Objective: To analyze the relationship between electrophysiologic excitability and morphology of the radial nerve in patients with unilateral chronic LE. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville. Patients: A total of 56 elbows (28 right, 28 left) in 28 patients (12 females, 16 males; age 49 [7.37] y) were recruited by convenience sampling. Main Outcome Measures: Strength–duration curves (chronaxia and accommodation index) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the radial nerve were made in all participants. All parameters were compared between both limbs. Also, pain with palpation in the lateral epicondyle and functional pain of involved extremities was assessed using visual analog scale and the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation, respectively. Results: Symptomatic limb showed higher CSA values of the radial nerve when compared with the asymptomatic limb (P < .001). On the symptomatic limb, duration of symptoms was positively correlated with CSA values. Chronaxia values were all normal and similar between both limbs (P = .35). Regarding accommodation index, 14 (54%) patients showed accommodation indices that suggested pathological radial nerve on the right limb, 4 (14%) on the left limb, 5 (18%) on both limbs, and 4 (14%) had none of the affected nerves. Eight-six percent of patients showed accommodation indices that suggested pathological radial nerve, independently of symptomatic limb. In these cases, affected nerves had higher CSA than the unaffected nerve (P = .01). On the affected nerves, duration of symptoms was positively correlated with accommodation indices. Conclusions: These findings suggest that patients with unilateral chronic LE show a decreased excitability in any radial nerve, independently of the symptomatic limb, and that pathological nerves have higher CSA than the nonpathological nerves.

Open access

Stef Feijen, Angela Tate, Kevin Kuppens, Thomas Struyf, Anke Claes and Filip Struyf

. Methods Design Prior to the study, rater 1 (S.F., master in rehabilitation sciences and physiotherapy with 3 y of clinical experience) was trained by an experienced physiotherapist (K.K., master in rehabilitation sciences and physiotherapy with over 10 y of clinical experience) in performing accurate

Open access

Connor Burk, Jesse Perry, Sam Lis, Steve Dischiavi and Chris Bleakley

low, with a mean PEDro score of 4.5/10. A recent audit of physiotherapy research undertaken over the past 10 years found an average PEDro score of 6.9. 28 An important limitation was although all included studies stated group allocation was random, none incorporated adequate concealment. Further

Open access

Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese and Johanna M. Hoch

sports participation (eg, motor vehicle accident). Evidence Quality Assessment • The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used to determine the quality of the randomized clinical trials selected for this critically appraised topic (CAT). Two authors (C.B. and F.G.) independently reviewed and scored