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Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Kara D. Denstel, Kim Beals, Jordan Carlson, Scott E. Crouter, Thomas L. McKenzie, Russell R. Pate, Susan B. Sisson, Amanda E. Staiano, Heidi Stanish, Dianne S. Ward, Melicia Whitt-Glover and Carly Wright

to those from lower income households: 46%, 36%, and 34% of children ages 12-19 years living in households earning less than 130% of the federal poverty level, 130-349% of the federal poverty level, and 350% or more of the federal poverty level, respectively (2015-16 NHANES). There are differences in

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Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor

, 2005 ; Lloyd, Li, & Hertzman, 2010 ; Pinto Pereira, Li, & Power, 2014 ; World Health Organization, 2007 ). Disadvantage, as gauged by poverty and low socio-economic status, is a predictor of school literacy achievement ( Buckingham, Wheldall, & Beaman-Wheldall, 2013 ), physical health and well

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

highest child poverty rate (0.225). Qatar had the highest gross national income per capita, the lowest relative public health expenditure, and the highest Gender Inequality Index. Slovenia had the lowest Gini index (least income inequality) and the lowest percentage of urban population (49.8%). The life

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Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith and Simon Darnell

’s access to sufficient menstrual products (pads, cups, etc.) that can help them cope with their period bleeding. Such “period poverty” or lack of resources to obtain adequate menstrual products is a growing concern in international development ( Bobel, 2018 ; Zipp & Standing, 2018 ). In sport and physical

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Alan L. Smith and Daniel Gould

promotion of social development in youth sport participants. Anderson-Butcher overviews extant research on social- or life-skill development through sport and assesses the role of youth sport in addressing broader social problems such as poverty and inequality. Examples of community-based programs are

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Timothy Kellison

introduction (pp.  77 – 105 ). London, UK : Sage Publications . Collins , T.W. , & Grineski , S.E. ( 2008 ). Unequal impacts of downtown redevelopment: The case of stadium building in Phoenix, AZ . Journal of Poverty, 11 ( 1 ), 23 – 54 . doi: 10.1300/J134v11n01_02 Cordery , C.J. , Sim , D

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

better in school, likely due to multiple benefits on brain structure and function. 9 – 11 This evidence highlights the need to promote healthy lifestyles and opportunities for safe and age-appropriate PA for all children. Communities of color, communities with high poverty levels, and communities with