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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

and randomized control trials [RCTs]) published between 2012 and 2016 to assess the effectiveness of mHealth in changing health behaviors and improving disease recovery in older adults. The review had a broad focus on health behaviors ranging from PA, dietary habits, and sleep to medication adherence

Open access

). BM indicates body mass; EMG, electromyography; RCT, randomized controlled trial; TMS, transcranial magnetic stimulation. Wile E. Coyote image licensed via carlos cardetas/Alamy Stock Photo. In the business, elite-sport, or academic setting, there is never only one way to complete a task, but there is

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David Pyne

-called implementation research. It is often challenging to implement the results of experimental research, and authors need to clearly identify how their work can be applied in sport. Results from a randomized controlled trial are not always easily implemented, as differences between laboratory and field conditions

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Bart Roelands and Philip Hurst

improving or maintaining an athlete’s performance, such as pharmacological/nutritional [eg, caffeine], psychological [eg, imagery], physical [eg, massage], or mechanical [eg, altitude training].) While researchers often regard the placebo effect as a nuisance to control for in randomized control trials, for

Open access

Bareket Falk

employing such protocol in future research or practical applications. The Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials statement was originally developed for the reporting of randomized controlled trials ( 1 ) and has subsequently been updated for more specific designs ( 11 ). It includes a checklist of 22

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

). However, there is limited scientific evidence demonstrated in systematic reviews, meta-analyses or randomized controlled trials for the efficacy of a number of substances including Garcinia cambogia , chitosan, β-glucans, raspberry ketone, glucomannan (konjac fiber), fucoxanthin, green coffee, Citrus

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Salomé Aubert, Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Alicia Fillon, Pauline Genin, Julien Schipman, Benjamin Larras, Corinne Praznoczy, Martine Duclos and David Thivel

promotional campaigns (i.e. physical activity and sedentary behaviours guidelines) and local action such as the intervention based on the ICAPS randomized control trial 13 in small population. However, several forms of financial help exist to support the registration of children and adolescent from medium

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Oliver C. Witard, Ina Garthe and Stuart M. Phillips

Jonge , L. , Xie , H. , Rood , J. , Martin , C.K. , . . . Redman , L.M . ( 2012 ). Effect of dietary protein content on weight gain, energy expenditure, and body composition during overeating: A randomized controlled trial . JAMA, 307 ( 1 ), 47 – 55 . PubMed ID: 22215165 doi:10.1001/jama

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Yolanda Barrado-Martín, Michelle Heward, Remco Polman and Samuel R. Nyman

people living with dementia ( Nyman & Skelton, 2017 ). However, there is a lack of high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with blinded assessors that focus on exercise, including Tai Chi, among community-dwelling older adults living with dementia and their carer as a dyad. Exercise

Open access

James A. Betts, Javier T. Gonzalez, Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Ina Garthe, Lewis J. James, Asker E. Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, David C. Nieman, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Trent Stellingwerff, Luc J.C. van Loon, Clyde Williams, Kathleen Woolf, Ron Maughan and Greg Atkinson

The CONSORT (CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials) 2010 guidelines ( ) were developed to improve the reporting of parallel-group randomized controlled trials, whereby compliance with established standards can be demonstrated via completion of the