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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

postintervention, participants were asked to complete the Stroop and determination tests. The sample size was estimated using a meta-analysis that reported a small to moderate positive effect of PA on EFs based on randomized controlled trials (i.e., Hedges’ g  = .24 in de Greeff et al. ( 2018 ); effect size [ES

Open access

Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann and Astrid Zech

control . Int J Sports Phys Ther . 2013 ; 8 ( 4 ): 393 – 406 . PubMed ID: 24175126 24175126 16. Nunes GS , de Noronha M , Cunha HS , Ruschel C , Borges NG Jr . Effect of kinesio taping on jumping and balance in athletes: a crossover randomized controlled trial . J Strength Cond Res

Open access

Julie A. Fuller, Heidi L. Hammil, Kelly J. Pronschinske and Chris J. Durall

dislocation in adolescents. • The search yielded 2 level II randomized controlled trials 2 , 3 and 1 level III nonrandomized study 1 that directly compared patellar redislocation rate, knee function, and patellofemoral pain between the 2 treatment approaches. • In 2 of the 3 reviewed studies, the authors

Open access

Lauren Anne Lipker, Caitlyn Rae Persinger, Bradley Steven Michalko and Christopher J. Durall

Abbreviations: ACLR, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; BFR, blood flow restriction; CSA, cross-sectional area; F, female; IKDC, International Knee Documentation Committee; M, male; RCT, randomized control trial; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; T1, T1 weighted MRI imaging. Best Evidence The studies

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Steven Nagib and Shelley W. Linens

after suffering a concussion caused by sport or a direct blow to the head. • Three studies were included: 1 randomized control trial, 1 exploratory study, and 1 retrospective chart review. • All 3 studies support the use of VRT to treat postconcussion dizziness. • All 3 studies included used Dizziness

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Nicholas Hattrup, Hannah Gray, Mark Krumholtz and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

stage of recovery. • The literature search returned 12 studies related to the clinical question; 5 studies met the inclusion criteria. • One study was a randomized controlled trial showing aerobic exercise compared to a stretching routine resulted in a 2-day decrease in symptoms. 14 • One article 15

Open access

Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

determine the most effective training paradigm for reducing noncontact ACL injury risk. • The search generated 2 level 1b randomized control trials (RCTs) and 1 level 2b cohort study. These studies examined the effects of plyometric exercise, balance training, core stabilization training, and neuromuscular

Open access

Hiroshi Takasaki, Yu Okubo and Shun Okuyama

criteria were used: (1) assessment of the JPS; (2) peer-reviewed original studies with a randomized controlled trial or quasi-randomized controlled trial design; (3) participants with musculoskeletal disorders or healthy individuals (ie, neither animal studies nor those involving neurological problems

Open access

Erik A. Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Nicole B. Cordero and Kyeongtak Song

was searched for studies of level 2 evidence or higher, which investigated the effect of anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilization on patient-reported outcomes in patients with CAI. • Three studies were included: 2 randomized controlled trials 6 , 8 and 1 prospective cohort study. 7 Two studies

Open access

Connor Burk, Jesse Perry, Sam Lis, Steve Dischiavi and Chris Bleakley

with reasons. Figure 1 —QUORUM flow chart for search strategy and inclusion criteria. ROM indicates range of motion; RCT, randomized controlled trials. The PEDro criteria and final scores assigned to each study are presented in Table  1 . All studies provided adequate information on the eligibility