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Alan J. Metcalfe, Paolo Menaspà, Vincent Villerius, Marc Quod, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Andrew D. Govus and Chris R Abbiss


To describe the within-season external workloads of professional male road cyclists for optimal training prescription.


Training and racing of 4 international competitive professional male cyclists (age 24 ± 2 y, body mass 77.6 ± 1.5 kg) were monitored for 12 mo before the world team-time-trial championships. Three within-season phases leading up to the team-time-trial world championships on September 20, 2015, were defined as phase 1 (Oct–Jan), phase 2 (Feb–May), and phase 3 (June–Sept). Distance and time were compared between training and racing days and over each of the various phases. Times spent in absolute (<100, 100–300, 400–500, >500 W) and relative (0–1.9, 2.0–4.9, 5.0–7.9, >8 W/kg) power zones were also compared for the whole season and between phases 1–3.


Total distance (3859 ± 959 vs 10911 ± 620 km) and time (240.5 ± 37.5 vs 337.5 ± 26 h) were lower (P < .01) in phase 1 than phase 2. Total distance decreased (P < .01) from phase 2 to phase 3 (10911 ± 620 vs 8411 ± 1399 km, respectively). Mean absolute (236 ± 12.1 vs 197 ± 3 W) and relative (3.1 ± 0 vs 2.5 ± 0 W/kg) power output were higher (P < .05) during racing than training, respectively.


Volume and intensity differed between training and racing over each of 3 distinct within-season phases.

Open access

Øyvind Skattebo, Thomas Losnegard and Hans Kristian Stadheim

runners but compensate with a lower O 2 cost of running to achieve superior performance in long events. 1 Similarly, road cyclists who are uphill, flat, or time-trial specialists generally display anthropometrics and indexed VO 2 max values that are favorable for performance on either uphill or flat

Open access

Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

endurance athlete (e.g., road cyclist, marathon runner or triathlete), whose energy expenditure during training is likely to be high, with a training schedule that limits the amount of time available for fueling. This target may also be difficult to achieve in youth athletes who have limited time to fuel

Open access

) questionnaire, combined with clinical interview, for identifying male athletes at risk of developing bone health, endocrine and performance consequences of relative energy deficiency in sports (RED-S). Fifty competitive male road cyclists, recruited through links of participants in a pilot study, were assessed

Open access

Joshua I. Newman

daughters’ horseback riding risks . Sociology of Sport Journal, 34 ( 3 ), 259 – 269 . doi:10.1123/ssj.2016-0111 Sandvik , M.R. , Strandbu , Å. , & Loland , S. ( 2017 ). Talking doping: a frame analysis of communication about doping among talented, young, Norwegian road cyclists . Sociology of