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Ryan Morrison, Kyle M. Petit, Chris Kuenze, Ryan N. Moran and Tracey Covassin

. Future research should aim to include equal male and female student-athletes, with a larger sample over a longer period. Observing baseline changes over a college career would give clinicians a better understanding of how often to collect baseline data, as there are no consistent recommendations

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Jason A. Bennie, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Jan Seghers, Stuart J.H. Biddle and Katrien De Cocker

The primary aim of this study, therefore, was to describe the prevalent trends in MSE among a large sample of US adults between 2011 and 2017. The secondary aim was to describe how trends vary between sociodemographic factors and by US census region. Methods We analyzed data from the 2011, 2013, 2015

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Lorna H. McNeill, Karolina Murguia, Nga Nguyen and Wendell C. Taylor


Walking trails are positively associated with physical activity; however, few studies have been conducted among diverse communities. We sought to describe trail use and the physical and social environmental correlates of trail use in a racially/ethnically diverse sample.


We administered an on-site trail intercept survey to walkers on a trail (N = 175). We assessed frequency/duration of trail use, reasons for using the trail, perceptions of the trail, demographics and BMI.


Walkers were primarily young (mean age = 37.8 years, SD = 11.8) and overweight (mean BMI = 25.2 kg/m2, SD = 4.2). Time spent on the trail and frequency of trail use differed significantly by age (P = .004) but not race/ethnicity. Perceptions of the trail differed significantly by sex and race/ethnicity (P-values = .001, .014, respectively). In regression models, different factors predicted time spent on the trail and frequency of trail use.


Walkers were frequent users of the trail and cited many favorable features of the trail that encouraged their use. Duration and frequency of trail use did not differ by race/ethnicity or sex, thereby indicating that when provided with safe access, racial/ethnic minorities and women may be likely to use trails at rates similar to those of Whites and men.

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Amanda Sonnega, Amanda Leggett, Renee Pepin and Shervin Assari

 al., 2010 ; Tang & Sanborn, 2014 ). Given the relatively small and restricted samples of these studies, however, they have limited generalizability to U.S. adults. Relatively few studies have reported on national-level data—and only two in the United States—to explore the effects of physical activity on

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Christopher C. Moore, Aston K. McCullough, Elroy J. Aguiar, Scott W. Ducharme and Catrine Tudor-Locke

treadmill ambulation (a common, controllable, and replicable condition). The specific objectives were to (1) catalog the sample characteristics, protocol details, and analytical procedures of treadmill-based validation studies that employed a criterion of observed steps taken and (2) aggregate the speed

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Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

sources readily accessible by athletes. Products were purchased from local grocers, large online retailers, specialized “health food” websites, or directly from the producer. Our initial goal was to obtain samples from three different lots of each product, but in many instances, infrequent production runs

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Kathryn L. Weston, Nicoleta Pasecinic and Laura Basterfield

study sample (eg, participants’ age and socioeconomic status). Data sets from the East of England, for example, involved participants from rural and urban areas where levels of deprivation were lower than the English national average ( 10 , 50 ), whereas studies in the South East and North West are more

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Meghan Edwards and Paul Loprinzi

representative sample of US adults. Such a study, to the authors’ knowledge, has yet to be conducted. Examining this dose–response association within a nationally representative sample will increase the evidence supporting a biological link between the physical activity and the AIP and will maximize the

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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich and Leah J. Ferguson

Clairo ( 2018 ) did not assess inclusive masculinity. Studies involving samples exclusively comprised of men, albeit outside of the sport context (e.g., homosexual men, university-aged men), might shed additional light on whether self-compassion can be an effective resource for men athletes. The most

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Kelsie M. Full, Eileen Johnson, Michelle Takemoto, Sheri J. Hartman, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E. Patterson and Dorothy D. Sears

biomarkers of reallocating time spent in SB, LIPA, and MVPA in a sample of postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. The goal of these analyses is to explore how the reallocation of time spent in daytime activities may be beneficial to markers of breast cancer recurrence. This study may provide insight on