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Robert J. Brychta, Vaka Rögnvaldsdóttir, Sigríður L. Guðmundsdóttir, Rúna Stefánsdóttir, Soffia M. Hrafnkelsdóttir, Sunna Gestsdóttir, Sigurbjörn A. Arngrímsson, Kong Y. Chen and Erlingur Jóhannsson

, 1986 ). All other comparisons were made using analysis of variance with Tukey’s post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni adjustment. Using unpaired analyses, we found few sex differences in self-reported or actigraphy-measured bedtimes at either age (data not shown) and no differences in inter

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the long-term physical impacts. Age and Sex Differences in Vascular Function: The Role of Oestrogen Sophie M Holder 1 , Ellen A Dawson 1 , Andrew Thompson 2 , Daniel J Green 3 , and Dick HJ Thijssen 1,4 1 Liverpool John Moores University, UK; 2 University of Liverpool, UK; 3 The University of Western

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Keith R. Lohse

a sample of N  = 270 children from Grade 3 to Grade 5. Although correlated, scores on the third edition of the test tended to be slightly lower. There was also evidence for a consistent pattern for sex differences in the object control/ball skill sections of these tests. These differences suggest

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Silva et al noted age and sex differences in three Brazilian birth cohorts from Pelotas assessed at the ages 6, 18, and 30 years of age ( da Silva et al., 2014 ), and Doherty et al described the unique diurnal patterns of physical activity by age group, documenting that the lower activity levels

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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

.25, SD  = .10) than those aged 65–80 years (self-efficacy: M  = 55.56, SD  = 2.13; outcome expectations: M  = 3.86, SD  = .05; self-regulation: M  = 2.35, SD  = .09; enjoyment: M  = 4.72, SD  = .14). With regard to sex differences, the factorial ANOVAs revealed there was a significant main effect

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Heidi J. Syväoja, Anna Kankaanpää, Jouni Kallio, Harto Hakonen, Janne Kulmala, Charles H. Hillman, Anu-Katriina Pesonen and Tuija H. Tammelin

approximation value is below .06, and the standardized root mean square residual value is below .08. 26 If the model did not fit the data adequately well, modification indices were examined. Results Sex-specific distributions and sex differences in observed variables are presented in Table  1 . Table 1 Sex

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

relevant analysis could provide insight for sex-specific activity targets in weight loss maintenance. Toward this end, we aimed to investigate possible sex differences in activity patterns between maintainers and regainers in a large European cohort of postdieters living in Greece and Cyprus. Methods Study

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Seigo Mitsutake, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Shiho Amagasa, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shigeru Inoue and Koichiro Oka

29093359 10.2188/jea.JE20170002 19. Seino S , Shinkai S , Fujiwara Y , et al . Reference values and age and sex differences in physical performance measures for community-dwelling older Japanese: a pooled analysis of six cohort studies . PLoS One . 2014 ; 9 : e99487 . PubMed ID: 24923425 doi:10

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Sathvik Namburar, William Checkley, Oscar Flores-Flores, Karina M. Romero, Katherine Tomaino Fraser, Nadia N. Hansel, Suzanne L. Pollard and GASP Study Investigators

recognize the additional risks from sedentariness experienced by children living in urban environments. Sex differences in physical activity levels among children have been documented in many diverse settings, including Australia, Japan, and Brazil. 23 – 25 For example, in a study of 691 Japanese children

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Kwok W. Ng, Gorden Sudeck, Adilson Marques, Alberto Borraccino, Zuzana Boberova, Jana Vasickova, Riki Tesler, Sami Kokko and Oddrun Samdal

conducted for boys and girls to analyze the transition in age cohorts in the proportion of daily MVPA. Risk ratios (RR) were calculated to report the effect sizes for sex differences in PSP and MVPA. Multilevel analyses were carried out at the class level for PSP, with students at level 1 and classes at