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Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo and Andrew Murray


To analyze the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes.


Five adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 y) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q and Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for 1 season (37 wk) to detect signs of overtraining and underrecovery (RC-q) and early symptoms of lower-limb injuries (OSTRC-q). All overuse injuries were retrospectively analyzed to detect which variations in the questionnaires in the weeks preceding injury were best associated. Overuse incidence rates were calculated based on training exposure.


Lower-limb overuse injuries accounted for 73% of total injuries. The incidence rate for overuse training-related injuries was 10 injuries/1000 h. Strong correlations were observed between individual running exposure and overuse injury incidence (r 2 = .66), number of overuse injuries (r 2 = .69), and days lost (r 2 = .66). A change of 20% or more in the RC-q score in the preceding week was associated with 67% of the lower-limb overuse injuries. Musculoskeletal symptoms were only detected in advance by the OSTRC-q in 27% of the episodes.


Training exposure (especially running exposure) was shown to be related to overuse injuries, suggesting that monitoring training load is a key factor for injury prevention. Worsening scores in the RC-q (but not the OSTRC) may be an indicator of overuse injury in adolescent endurance runners when used longitudinally.

Open access

Izzeldin Ibrahim, Eiman Al Hammadi, Suzan Sayegh, Lena Zimmo, Jwaher Al Neama, Husam Rezeq, Abdulla Saeed Al-Mohannadi and Al Anoud Al-Thani

Card Leadership (RCL) Team was established at Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sport Medicine Hospital, in collaboration with Stakeholder Group (SG) including members from well-established governmental and academic institutions in Qatar: Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Education and Higher Education, and

Open access

Ina Garthe and Ronald J. Maughan

Olympics . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 13 ( 1 ), 33 – 40 . PubMed doi:10.1097/00042752-200301000-00007 10.1097/00042752-200301000-00007 CRN Consumer Survey on Dietary Supplements . ( 2015 ). Retrieved from CRN Consumer Survey on Dietary

Open access

Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

; Sygo et al., 2019 ). The treatment often requires a collaborative team approach including a sport medicine physician, a trained sports dietitian, and a sport physiologist experienced in safe body composition management. If EDs/DE is part of the clinical presentation, inclusion of psychologist

Open access

Keith Baar

, he also participated in an average of three organized practices per week as well as a structured strength training program overseen by an elite strength and conditioning coach while being monitored by a rehabilitation specialist, physiotherapist, and sport medicine doctor. Stress Relaxation Loading

Open access

Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky and Martin D. Hoffman

-Godek , S. , Dugas , J.P. , Hoffman , M.D. , Lewis , D.P. , . . . Verbalis , J.G. ( 2015 ). Statement of the 3rd international exercise-associated hyponatremia consensus development conference, Carlsbad, California, 2015 . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 25 ( 4 ), 303 – 320 . PubMed ID

Open access

Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

– 5011 . doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2011.221093 10.1113/jphysiol.2011.221093 Erdman , K.A. , Fung , T.S. , Doyle-Baker , P.K. , Verhoef , M.J. , & Reimer , R.A. ( 2007 ). Dietary supplementation of high-performance Canadian athletes by age and gender . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 17

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Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

. , Suzuki , K. , & Higuchi , M. ( 2016 ). The effect of the menstrual cycle and water consumption on physiological responses during prolonged exercise at moderate intensity in hot conditions . The Journal of Sport Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56 ( 9 ), 951 – 960 . Hawkins , S. , & Wiswell , R

Open access

Ronald J. Maughan, Susan M. Shirreffs and Alan Vernec

-androgenic steroids by Canadian students . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 6 , 9 – 14 . doi:10.1097/00042752-199601000-00004 10.1097/00042752-199601000-00004 Melendez-Rosado , J. , Snipelisky , D. , Matcha , G. , & Stancampiano , F. ( 2015 ). Acute hepatitis induced by pure garciniacambogia

Open access

Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

, 7 . PubMed ID: 21595961 doi:10.1186/1550-2783-8-7 10.1186/1550-2783-8-7 Beis , L.Y. , Wright-Whyte , M. , Fudge , B. , Noakes , T. , & Pitsiladis , Y.P. ( 2012 ). Drinking behaviors of elite male runners during marathon competition . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 22 ( 3 ), 254