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Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Sam J. Zizzi

This study examined: (1) coaches’ attitudes and readiness to use sport psychology (SP) services immediately following a SP workshop; and (2) the impact of an educational intervention on coaches’ attitudes and usage patterns during a one-month follow-up. Ninety swim coaches participated in the SP workshop and a total of 53 swim coaches completed the one-month follow-up. The majority of the sample coached at the high school or age group level. Data provided some evidence for the impact of a SP workshop on stage of change, with approximately 13% of coaches moving from precontemplation to contemplation. Two-way mixed ANOVAs did not reveal significant interactions (group × time) and main effects for time found that coaches’ personal openness, behavioral control, self-efficacy, and intentions increased while perceived barriers decreased immediately post-workshop. Furthermore, changes in coaches’ perceived barriers, behavioral control, and self-efficacy were maintained at the one-month follow-up while personal openness and intentions returned close to baseline. Lastly, no differences were found between the stage-matched and control group with regard to behavioral SP usage patterns (e.g., contacting a SP consultant, seeking out more information about SP). However, approximately 40% of coaches accessed the website during the four-week follow-up. The appropriateness of the transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to SP service use with coaches will be discussed.

Open access

Rosa M. Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin and Nicole Cosby

Clinical Scenario: The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments of the knee joint by preventing anterior translation of the femur in the closed kinetic chain. A ruptured anterior cruciate ligament may require reconstructive surgery for patients who wish to return to physical activity. For the most part, surgeries are successful at repairing the ruptured ligament and restoring ligamentous function; the percentage of athletes that return to a competitive level of physical activity is only 44%, and 24% of patients report a main factor of preventing their return is fear of reinjury and pain. Most physiotherapy and rehabilitation research has focused on the physical treatment and is limited on the psychological aspects of recovery. Imagery has been suggested to be effective at reducing anxiety, tension, and pain, while promoting and encouraging healing after an injury. Imagery is defined as a process of performing a skill in one’s mind using the senses (touch, feel, smell, vision, etc) without any overt actions. Clinical Question: In athletes who are first-time anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction patients, does imagery training in combination with standard physical therapy reduce the fear of reinjury and pain perception? Summary of Key Findings: Previous research has primarily looked at the physical treatment aspect, and few studies have focused on the psychological factors affecting recovery. Researchers concluded that fear of reinjury was the unique predictor of return to sport even in a sample of participants that reported very little or almost no pain at all. Imagery as a therapy is an effective intervention in reducing fear of reinjury and confidence building. Furthermore, mental imagery is suggested to assist with a reduction in anxiety, pain, and tension, while promoting healing. Clinical Bottom Line: Based on the strength of recommendation taxonomy, there is a combination of level A and B evidence proposing that imagery, in combination with traditional physical therapy, can be effective at reducing psychological distress such as fear of reinjury and pain perception in first-time anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction patients.

Open access

Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

of the subspecialties of clinical psychology, sport psychology, and forensic psychology. This paper serves to provide an overview of context-specific approaches to pertinent identification and treatment issues. An overview of sexual abuse victim and perpetrator identification will be offered along

Open access

Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

This year, the Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology ( JCSP ) reached a couple of milestones: earning an impact factor and celebrating its 12 th birthday. In December, the journal published a special issue on eating disorders in sport and exercise. At the Orlando JCSP editorial board meeting

Open access

Nicole M. LaVoi, Jennifer E. McGarry and Leslee A. Fisher

and Anders ( 2019 ) have noted, cultural sport psychology (CSP) scholars push us to engage in self-reflection and reflexivity in our professional lives, reminding us that all of us are subject to the effects of hegemony as well as majoritarian narratives ( Solorzano & Yosso, 2002 ). Learning to first

Open access

Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

Grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000 , 2012 ; Ryan & Deci, 2017 ), a growing body of empirical work in sport psychology has indicated that the giving of autonomy-supportive sports coaching to athletes is related to the coach’s experience of improved well-being and

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Hedda Berntsen and Elsa Kristiansen

former elite athlete with an Olympic silver medal in Ski Cross, World Champion Telemark skier, and bronze medalist in Alpine skiing. Elsa Kristiansen is a professor at the University of South-Eastern Norway. She has published over 50 articles and book chapters in the areas of sport psychology (e

Open access

Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

, 1381 – 1395 . doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB 10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB Cumming , J. ( 2008 ). Investigating the relationship between exercise imagery, leisure-time exercise behavior, and self-efficacy . Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20 , 184 – 198 . doi:10

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

Athletes In addition to the standard ED treatment, athlete patients received group therapies on topics such as sport psychology, sport nutrition, psychology of exercise, body image in sport and life, family systems (sport family and family of origin), athlete process groups, and an additional weekly

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

.1007/978-981-287-087-2_85-1 Brewer , B.W. , Van Raalte , J.L. , & Linder , D.E. ( 1993 ). Athletic identity: Hercules’ muscles or Achilles heel? International Journal of Sport Psychology, 24 ( 2 ), 237 – 254 . Carey , M. , Small , H. , Yoong , S.L. , Boyes , A. , Bisquera , A. , & Sanson-Fisher , R. ( 2014