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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich and Leah J. Ferguson

experience and minimize attrition rates. One construct that has been associated with easing sport-specific setbacks and challenges is self-compassion, which is a warm and accepting way of treating oneself in the face of difficult experiences ( Neff, 2003a , 2003b ). Comprised of self-kindness, common

Open access

Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

Numerous factors contribute to peak athletic performance. Among these, a strong foundation in physical conditioning and sport-specific experience, in addition to a bespoke and periodized training and nutrition program, the latter based predominately from whole food choices, are essential. Once

Open access

Daniel Birrer

triggers ( Meeusen et al., 2013 ). Because overtraining is a phenomenon of excessive sporting behavior, the most certain trigger is a training-recovery miscalculation together with other sport-specific causes (see Table  2 ). However, as shown in Table  2 , the apparent multifactorial etiology of NFOR and

Open access

Christopher L. Kowalski and Wade P. Kooiman

Coaches influence children’s experiences in sports and have a significant impact on the psychosocial development of young athletes. It is important to understand the coaching-related components of youth sports, including game strategy, motivation, teaching technique, and character building. Coaching efficacy is multidimensional, has a number of sources, and highlights relationships that exist between the coach, athlete, and team. In the present study, parents and coaches’ perceptions of coaching efficacy were examined to see what variables may affect their responses. Coaches’ character-building efficacy was influenced by previous playing experience. Parents’ perceptions of coaches’ efficacy were collectively influenced by parents’ previous playing and coaching experience, attendance at sport-specific educational sessions, and the perceived ability of their child’s team.

Open access

Øyvind Sandbakk

, developing sport-specific benchmarks, and providing a framework for load management, training prescription, and recovery strategies. Although some of these solutions provide helpful scientifically backed decision support, others give nonvalidated information that can either confuse or lead to wrong decision

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Sophia Nimphius

In reflection on the numerous studies investigating differences in athletic performance and risk of injury in male and female athletes, I question whether a lack of control or consideration of physical capacity (eg, strength) or skill (eg, sport-specific or movement skill) potentially confounds

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Melissa Theige and Shannon David

emphasized proprioception and sport-specific movement. Patients completed treatment within 9–16 wk depending on speed of progress. The dancer was examined using a Sahrmann analysis to identify deficits in movement patterns believed to have contributed to her labral pathology. Identification of improper

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Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron J. Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona L. Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, K. Wolfgang Kallus, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter and Jürgen Beckmann

the sport. While performance measures represent the most sport-specific outcomes, other physiological and psychological measures provide integral information on an athlete’s recovery and biophysical balance. Performance can be characterized by competition outcomes or the perceptions of the coaching

Open access

Shona L. Halson, Alan G. Hahn and Aaron J. Coutts

still be difficult to win. With an increase in research-quality data collection in the field, improvements in sport-specific tests, and the benefits of ecological research, the distinction between data collected from “servicing” and laboratory-based research is now blurred. The collection of data in the

Open access

Jon Welty Peachey, Nico Schulenkorf and Ramon Spaaij

) development, including opportunities for leisure and recreation. In other words, social change provides the broader frame around sport-specific social development activities that form part of a wider agenda or portfolio that goes beyond sport (see in this issue, e.g.,  Chen & Mason, 2019 ; Robertson, Storr