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Roel De Ridder, Julien Lebleu, Tine Willems, Cedric De Blaiser, Christine Detrembleur and Philip Roosen

(meter per second), cadence (steps per minute), stride length (meters), stride duration (seconds), stance duration (percentage of gait cycle [%GC]), swing duration (%GC), double support (%GC), and single support (%GC). Data Analysis and Statistics Based on comparison with the GAITRite ® sensor system

Open access

Kimmery Migel and Erik Wikstrom

to contribute to aberrant gait biomechanics observed in those with CAI. More specifically, those with CAI demonstrate excessive inversion at heel strike and throughout stance as well as excessive inversion and plantar flexion in the swing phase of gait. 2 These impairments increase the risk of

Open access

John D. McCamley, Eric L. Cutler, Kendra K. Schmid, Shane R. Wurdeman, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos and Sara A. Myers

comprehensive understanding of PAD causal mechanisms is needed to promote improved functional outcomes. A notable consequence of PAD is altered spatiotemporal gait parameters. Patients with PAD have been reported to walk with decreased step length, cadence, and velocity and with increased stance time and step

Open access

Adam E. Jagodinsky, Christopher Wilburn, Nick Moore, John W. Fox and Wendi H. Weimar

, right preferred CAI target limb was matched with right preferred target limbs for coper and healthy groups). The preferred limb was determined by asking each participant which limb was preferred to kick a ball. For each trial, data from one complete gait cycle on the target limb (stance and swing phases) were

Open access

Jeremy Hapeta, Rochelle Stewart-Withers and Farah Palmer

this in mind, we reinforce the importance of assuming a strengths-based stance ( Paraschak, 2013 ) as Indigenous and KM scholars, and we illustrate this argument using the sport for social change case studies based in Aotearoa NZ. The research originates from a “ground-up” perspective ( Pihama, Cram

Open access

Matthew C. Hoch, David R. Mullineaux, Kyoungkyu Jeon and Patrick O. McKeon

Single joint kinematic alterations have been identified during gait in those with chronic ankle instability (CAI). The purpose of this study was to compare sagittal plane hip, knee, and ankle kinematics during walking in participants with and without CAI. Twelve individuals with CAI and 12 healthy individuals walked on a treadmill at 1.5 m/s. Three-dimensional kinematics were analyzed using mean ensemble curves and independent t tests. Participants with CAI demonstrated less lower extremity flexion during the absorption phase of stance and the limb placement phase of swing, which may have implications for limb placement at initial contact.

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

stance stability in children aged younger than 12 years. When considering the youngest participants aged 6–7 years, several weeks of BT using unstable support surfaces with a predefined number of sets and durations (ie, classical BT) did not provoke any improvements in postural stability ( 13 ), although

Open access

Jonathan M. Williams, Michael Gara and Carol Clark

accelerometry offers a valid measurement method for balance. Furthermore, the reliability of such methods is high across a range of tasks from double-leg, single-leg to tandem stance. 6 Despite this, highly dynamic balance tasks such as hop landing have yet to be investigated. Testing single-leg hop landing is

Open access

Victoria Fauntroy, Marcie Fyock, Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Esther Nolton and Jatin P. Ambegaonkar

; multisegmental extension; multisegmental rotation (R + L); single-leg stance (R + L); and overhead squat. 5 The results of the SFMA are separated into 4 categories: functional nonpainful, functional painful, dysfunctional nonpainful, and dysfunctional painful. 2 The SFMA has also been used to evaluate athletes

Open access

Eoin Everard, Mark Lyons and Andrew J. Harrison

flexion @ initial contact > 30 degrees ___ Yes (0) ___ No (1) 10. Stance width @ Initial Contact > Shoulder width ___ Yes (1) ___ No (0) 2. Knee Valgus @ Initial Contact: Knee over midfoot ___ Yes (0) ___ No (1) 11. Initial Foot Contact: Symmetric ___ Yes (0) ___ No (1) 3. Hip Flexion @ Initial Contact