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John D. McCamley, Eric L. Cutler, Kendra K. Schmid, Shane R. Wurdeman, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos and Sara A. Myers

comprehensive understanding of PAD causal mechanisms is needed to promote improved functional outcomes. A notable consequence of PAD is altered spatiotemporal gait parameters. Patients with PAD have been reported to walk with decreased step length, cadence, and velocity and with increased stance time and step

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

stance stability in children aged younger than 12 years. When considering the youngest participants aged 6–7 years, several weeks of BT using unstable support surfaces with a predefined number of sets and durations (ie, classical BT) did not provoke any improvements in postural stability ( 13 ), although

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Melanna F. Cox, Greg J. Petrucci Jr., Robert T. Marcotte, Brittany R. Masteller, John Staudenmayer, Patty S. Freedson and John R. Sirard

between the buttocks and surface Standing Body is in an upright position; feet are used as support Once feet are planted and body is in an upright position Walking/Slow Walking Moving from one point to another taking at least two steps When heel of swing foot surpasses stance foot WalkLoad Walking with a

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Yuko Kuramatsu, Yuji Yamamoto and Shin-Ichi Izumi

with hemiparesis. An upright stance and STS transfer in individuals with stroke are reported to be characterized by weight-bearing asymmetry, with more weight being placed on the nonparetic limb ( Genthon et al., 2008 ; Roy et al., 2006 ). de Kam et al. ( 2017 ) reported that postural control was

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Mhairi K. MacLean and Daniel P. Ferris

acted as a virtual spring. The exoskeleton was able to provide assistance during stance and during swing, both in positive work and in negative work. The device did not output a torque or power metric, so it is not possible to determine how each individual user relied on the exoskeleton for negative or

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Brice T. Cleland and Sheila Schindler-Ivens

). Major role for sensory feedback in soleus EMG activity in the stance phase of walking in man . Journal of Neurophysiology , 523 ( Pt. 3 ), 817 – 827 . Stephens , M.J. , & Yang , J.F. ( 1999 ). Loading during the stance phase of walking in humans increases the extensor EMG amplitude but does not

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Tomomasa Nakamura, Yuriko Yoshida, Hiroshi Churei, Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Takehiro Ohmi, Shunsuke Ohji, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Toshiaki Ueno and Kazuyoshi Yagishita

or injury prevention. Several studies report the relationship between teeth clenching and static balance. 10 – 15 Fujino et al 11 investigated the effect of voluntary teeth clenching on static balance. They showed that voluntary teeth clenching contributed to stabilization of the postural stance

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Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

difference by demonstrating a zero tolerance stance against sexual harassment and assault ( Nelson, Halpert, & Cellar, 2007 ). We welcome your involvement with the journal and continue to seek guest reviewers from diverse areas of expertise. If you would like to serve as a guest reviewer and/or be considered

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Zachary R. Weber, Divya Srinivasan and Julie N. Côté

characteristics during the development of repetitive reaching induced fatigue . Experimental Brain Research, 211 ( 1 ), 133 – 143 . PubMed doi:10.1007/s00221-011-2661-8 10.1007/s00221-011-2661-8 Fuller , J.R. , Fung , J. , & Côté , J.N. ( 2013 ). Posture-movement responses to stance perturbations and

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Nicholas Stanger and Susan H. Backhouse

& Ring, 2017 ). In addition, these findings support qualitative research that revealed a strong moral stance against cheating and valuing moral traits such as fairness, appeared to help reduce athletes’ likelihood of doping ( Erickson, McKenna, & Backhouse, 2015 ). A key finding from our research