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Megan P. Brady and Windee Weiss

clinical diagnostic tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is debatable. 1 , 3 – 6 Because of the frequency of knee injury, 3 MRI is a common diagnostic tool used for imaging and diagnosis. 5 ACL tears are also diagnosed using clinical diagnostic tests. 1 , 3 – 6 Patient outcomes are dependent on a

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

and researchers information about effectiveness of their rehabilitation protocol or helps diagnosis of various neuromuscular and somatosensorial disorders. 4 , 5 One of the frequently used methods is manual muscle testing because it is easy and fast to use in clinics. However, it is a subjective

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Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario

to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), surgery, and rehabilitation. 2 The three most widely accepted selective tissue tests to diagnose an ACL sprain include the anterior drawer, Lachman test, and pivot-shift test, all of which were initially described in the literature beginning in the 1970s. 3 The

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Richard A. Brindle, David Ebaugh and Clare E. Milner

strengthening is a common component of treatment. 3 In a side-lying hip abductor strength test, an adduction force is applied to the patient’s limb through a handheld dynamometer that either matches or exceeds the patient’s maximum isometric force. In a hip abductor eccentric strength test or “break test,” the

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Nathan Millikan, Dustin R. Grooms, Brett Hoffman and Janet E. Simon

musculoskeletal injury is exponentially higher after a primary injury, highlighting the need for functional testing to determine injury recovery and return to play readiness to mitigate the high reinjury risk. 4 Functional testing comes in numerous forms. Lower-extremity functional testing has focused on agility

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David M. Werner and Joaquin A. Barrios

consensus definition exists, core stability has been described as having distinct testable components, including strength, endurance, flexibility, function, and motor control. Tests for functional stability under perturbation can directly challenge the motor control component of core stability (MCCS). 3 , 4

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Manuel Trinidad-Fernández, Manuel González-Sánchez and Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas

data over repeated measures between scapula positions using this new method in humans. Methods Study Design A cross-sectional study with a repeated-measures descriptive test–retest design was employed for the evaluation of this new tracking method. Participants Young adults (18–30 y old), who were

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Baruch Vainshelboim, Zhongming Chen, Ricardo M. Lima and Jonathan Myers

Veterans Exercise Testing Study has been previously described. 28 , 29 In brief, the Veterans Exercise Testing Study cohort is an ongoing, prospective evaluation of primarily male Veterans (96%) referred for exercise testing for clinical reasons, designed to address exercise test, clinical, and lifestyle

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Lawrence W. Judge, David Bellar, Jeffrey Petersen, Erin Gilreath and Elizabeth Wanless

As national anti-doping organizations (NADOs) adopt preventative measures to complement detection-based deterrence methods, understanding coaches’ attitudes toward drugs in sport will take on a new importance. This study was conducted to measure coaches’ attitudes in the sport of track and field toward performance enhancing drug (PED) use and drug testing. A total of 254 track and field coaches (Age: 33.4 yrs ±9.7) completed a 51-item survey. Coaches who were certified reported they felt more knowledgeable about PED use (r s = .168, p = .004) and that they had learned about PED use and testing through the USA Track and Field (USATF) coaches education program (r s = .220, p < .001). USATF certified coaches also reported a stronger perception that the coach plays a key role in PED deterrence (r s = .158, p = .006). These findings suggest that national sport governing bodies (NGBs) like USATF have taken significant steps to educate prospective coaches on the topic of PED’s and drug testing and these measures have positively impacted coaches.

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Mindi Fisher, Ryan Tierney, Anne Russ and Jamie Mansell

symptoms of a concussion without having an injury. 1 Additionally, patients with the diagnosis of ADHD have been found to have increased history of concussions. 4 Based on similarities, it can be difficult to baseline test and evaluate for a concussion. Invalid baseline scores can occur when someone