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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

athlete should be quantified as best as possible against these performance determinants. From this construct, the coach will strategically develop the various macro- (months to years), meso- (weeks to months), and microcycles (days to within days) aspects of training periodization and its specific

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Natália Barros Beltrão, Camila Ximenes Santos, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, David Behm, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui and Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo

stretching intensities are scarce. Two studies compared the effects of 6 weeks of stretching at low and high intensities, and both studies found that the groups trained with low stretching intensities had higher ROM gains at the end of the training period. 13 , 14 With these studies, it is important to note

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Sigridur L. Gudmundsdottir

were collected during a peak training period before a reduction in training (tapering) before the Icelandic championships started. Ethical approval was granted by the ethical committee of the University of Iceland. This study was conducted according to the guidelines laid down in the Declaration of

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Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J. Brook and Chris Durall

females with a mean age of 32.3 y. Responders had a mean total CrossFit training period of 18.6 mo and a mean weekly training participation of 5.3 h/wk. Activity investigated Subjects participated in CrossFit training for 4–5 d/wk with 30- to 60-min sessions. CrossFit exercises were performed in a

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Carl Foster

days 21 – 24 and training periodization, 25 which are known to augment the training response. 26 , 27 Mujika and Padilla 28 and Hickson et al 29 have documented the effect of taper on the training response, but we have yet to come up with a unified field theory that is of practical benefit to

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Lauren Anne Lipker, Caitlyn Rae Persinger, Bradley Steven Michalko and Christopher J. Durall

, respectively. Ohta et al 2 and Iverson et al 4 both used BFR with low-resistance exercise, although only Ohta et al 2 reported a benefit with BFR suggesting that a relatively lengthy training period may be required for the beneficial effects of BFR on quadriceps CSA to manifest when combined with low

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Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

should occur 2 to 3 times a week for at least 4 weeks to produce putatively desirable kinematic changes. 2 – 4 Additional studies are needed to assess the impact of these training programs on ACL injury rates after the training period. Strength of Recommendation Our recommendations were derived from the

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Ida A. Heikura, Arja L.T. Uusitalo, Trent Stellingwerff, Dan Bergland, Antti A. Mero and Louise M. Burke

-class distance female and male athletes with two primary purposes: (a) to provide a cross-sectional report on measurements of EA, metabolic and reproductive hormonal function, bone mineral density (BMD), injury/illness rates, and body composition during a high-volume/intensity precompetition training period and

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Trent Stellingwerff

Although the concept of training periodization has been developing over the last 70 years, the concept of nutrition and body composition periodization synched with training and competition demands is just emerging ( Jeukendrup, 2017 ; Stellingwerff et al., 2007 , 2011 ). However, beyond these

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Rachel McCormick, Brian Dawson, Marc Sim, Leanne Lester, Carmel Goodman and Peter Peeling

. Participant groups were matched by sFer concentration. The impact of the iron supplementation intervention on iron status was assessed via measurements of sFer concentration at the commencement, and at fortnightly intervals, throughout the 8-week training period (total of five blood samples). Participants