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Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Sam J. Zizzi

This study examined: (1) coaches’ attitudes and readiness to use sport psychology (SP) services immediately following a SP workshop; and (2) the impact of an educational intervention on coaches’ attitudes and usage patterns during a one-month follow-up. Ninety swim coaches participated in the SP workshop and a total of 53 swim coaches completed the one-month follow-up. The majority of the sample coached at the high school or age group level. Data provided some evidence for the impact of a SP workshop on stage of change, with approximately 13% of coaches moving from precontemplation to contemplation. Two-way mixed ANOVAs did not reveal significant interactions (group × time) and main effects for time found that coaches’ personal openness, behavioral control, self-efficacy, and intentions increased while perceived barriers decreased immediately post-workshop. Furthermore, changes in coaches’ perceived barriers, behavioral control, and self-efficacy were maintained at the one-month follow-up while personal openness and intentions returned close to baseline. Lastly, no differences were found between the stage-matched and control group with regard to behavioral SP usage patterns (e.g., contacting a SP consultant, seeking out more information about SP). However, approximately 40% of coaches accessed the website during the four-week follow-up. The appropriateness of the transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to SP service use with coaches will be discussed.

Open access

D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Kathleen Woolf and Louise Burke

to understand the ingredients and sources used in supplement formulations. In addition, the environmental component encompasses the desire/ability to change and barriers to change ( Boosalis, 2010 ), which may be assessed most readily using the transtheoretical model of health behavior change (Table

Open access

Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

group; CG = control group; SCT = social cognitive theory; HAPA = health action process approach; TTM = Transtheoretical Model of behavior change; SDT = self-determination theory; MI = motivational interviewing; CBT = cognitive behavior theory; ANOVA = analysis of variance; CI = confidence interval; CPAP