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Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo and Andrew Murray

Purpose:

To analyze the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes.

Methods:

Five adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 y) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q and Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for 1 season (37 wk) to detect signs of overtraining and underrecovery (RC-q) and early symptoms of lower-limb injuries (OSTRC-q). All overuse injuries were retrospectively analyzed to detect which variations in the questionnaires in the weeks preceding injury were best associated. Overuse incidence rates were calculated based on training exposure.

Results:

Lower-limb overuse injuries accounted for 73% of total injuries. The incidence rate for overuse training-related injuries was 10 injuries/1000 h. Strong correlations were observed between individual running exposure and overuse injury incidence (r 2 = .66), number of overuse injuries (r 2 = .69), and days lost (r 2 = .66). A change of 20% or more in the RC-q score in the preceding week was associated with 67% of the lower-limb overuse injuries. Musculoskeletal symptoms were only detected in advance by the OSTRC-q in 27% of the episodes.

Conclusion:

Training exposure (especially running exposure) was shown to be related to overuse injuries, suggesting that monitoring training load is a key factor for injury prevention. Worsening scores in the RC-q (but not the OSTRC) may be an indicator of overuse injury in adolescent endurance runners when used longitudinally.

Open access

Viviane Ribeiro de Ávila, Teresa Bento, Wellington Gomes, José Leitão and Nelson Fortuna de Sousa

total number of participants involved in the 5 studies, but the study by Obremskey et al 26 did not report the gender distribution of its sample. A total of 267 fractures were found, with 81% classified according to the AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association 21 , 27 , 28 and 19% according to

Open access

Landon Lempke, Abbis Jaffri and Nicholas Erdman

potentially related to concussion recovery involving early physical activity and rest: (mtbi OR mild traumatic brain injury OR brain concussion OR cerebral concussion OR mild concussion OR moderate concussion OR severe concussion OR cerebral trauma OR minor head trauma OR mild head injury OR SRC OR src OR

Open access

Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

proclivities, grooming patterns, preferences, attitudes, presentations, etc. Identifying perpetrators requires understanding the many criminogenic factors that contribute to sexual offending. Identifying victims requires understanding of the often complex presentation of trauma-related symptoms. Victim

Open access

Nickolai Martonick, Kimber Kober, Abigail Watkins, Amanda DiEnno, Carmen Perez, Ashlie Renfro, Songah Chae and Russell Baker

, improving neuromuscular control and ultimately, an athlete’s movement patterns. 2 To examine KT as a potential intervention for athletes at risk for ankle trauma, investigators analyzed the COP of professional soccer players when comparing a KT application with a no-tape condition. 4 Though there is no

Open access

Steven Nagib and Shelley W. Linens

atient/Client Group: patients who suffered a concussion as a result of direct trauma • I ntervention (or Assessment): VRT • C omparison: no VRT or another type of therapy • O utcome(s): a decrease (improvement) in DHI score Sources of Evidence Searched (Databases) • PubMed • Web of Science • OregonPDF

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Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario

): 53%; 26 male, 28 female Participants (n = 94) with knee trauma indicating arthroscopic surgery (age: 34 ± 15 years, 57 males and 37 females) Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Inclusion: Complaint of knee pain rates as less than 7/10 on a verbal numerical rating scale and at least 2–20 degrees of knee

Open access

Nicholas Hattrup, Hannah Gray, Mark Krumholtz and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

RE . The second impact in catastrophic contact-sports head trauma . JAMA . 1984 ; 252 ( 4 ): 538 – 539 . PubMed ID: 6737652 doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350040068030 6737652 10.1001/jama.1984.03350040068030 3. Giza CC , Hovda DA . The new neurometabolic cascade of concussion . Neurosurgery

Open access

Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

preventing and stopping sexual harassment: Effective deterrents or continued endurance? Sex Roles, 56 , 811 – 822 . doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9239-8 10.1007/s11199-007-9239-8 Olafson , E. ( 2011 ). Child sexual abuse: Demography, impact, and interventions . Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 4 ( 1

Open access

Janelle Prince, Eric Schussler and Ryan McCann

epidemiology and impact of traumatic brain injury: a brief overview . J Head Trauma Rehabil . 2006 ; 21 ( 5 ): 375 – 378 . PubMed ID: 16983222 doi:10.1097/00001199-200609000-00001 10.1097/00001199-200609000-00001 16983222 2. McCrory P , Meeuwisse W , Dvorak J , et al . Consensus statement on