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Samantha L. Winter, Sarah M. Forrest, Joanne Wallace and John H. Challis

-specific BSIPs, however, a key problem is that no female-specific geometric models for estimating BSIPs have been validated, despite significant differences in the shapes of segments between males and females. 3 There are several methods of estimating BSIPs. Scanning techniques such as dual x-ray absorptiometry

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García and Victor Paredes-Hernández

the high incidence, there have been many validated posthamstring strain injury rehabilitation models proposed in the literature, principally based on evaluations and preventive and performance models in the clinical and analytical field. These include the Askling L-protocol, 11 the active knee

Open access

Robert W. Cox, Rodrigo E. Martinez, Russell T. Baker and Lindsay Warren

assessment. Various applications have been validated as alternatives to inclinometer measurements in the knee. 6 The Clinometer Smartphone Application™ produced by Plaincode App Development has been found reliable for measuring shoulder ROM, 7 but it lacks validation for use in the ankle. Inclinometry has

Open access

Manuel Trinidad-Fernández, Manuel González-Sánchez and Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas

understand the movement inside the body with a coordinate transform system to set the scapula in space could provide useful insights. We validated a new method, which combined ultrasound imaging with the signal provided by a 3-dimensional electromagnetic sensor in an anatomical model. 6 This appears to be

Open access

Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

Clinical Bottom Line There is moderate evidence to support subsymptomatic aerobic exercise as a treatment of PCS; therefore, it should be considered as a clinical option for reducing PCS and prolonged concussion symptoms. Clinicians should use a previously validated protocol to determine subsymptomatic

Open access

Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

session. There continues to be widespread use of cryotherapy techniques postexercise despite inconsistencies in the literature validating its effectiveness. Cryotherapy decreases the tissue metabolic rate, 14 promotes superficial vasoconstriction, 15 decreases vascular permeability, 16 and leads to

Open access

Kai-Yu Ho, Brenda Benson Deaver, Tyrel Nelson and Catherine Turner

that typically has a lower camera sampling frequency than other computer-based 2D motion analysis. As individuals with ACLR may exhibit more knee valgus 2 and there is limited data regarding the reliability/validity of using MAA to measure knee movement, it is necessary for validation of using a MAA

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Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Nathan Maresh and Jennifer Earl-Boehm

.1136/bjsports-2012-091203 23064083 21. Glazer DD . Development and preliminary validation and the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport (I-PRRS) scale . J Athl Train . 2009 ; 44 : 185 – 189 . PubMed ID: 19295964 doi:10.4085/1062-6050-44.2.185 10.4085/1062-6050-44.2.185 19295964 22. Brewer BW

Open access

Elshan Najafov, Şeyda Özal, Ahmet Yiğit Kaptan, Coşkun Ulucaköy, Ulunay Kanatlı, Baybars Ataoğlu and Selda Başar

examination findings (range of motion and muscle strength assessment) constitute the remaining 65 points. Originally, Constant and Murley did not give a standard test protocol in their first article and the CMS did not undergo validation. 11 Multiple modifications were made after its development. 12 The

Open access

Jeffrey B. Driban and R. Mark Laursen

particular condition. 5 Alternatively, a clinician could also consider a validation case study. A validation case study provides a powerful opportunity to describe how a treatment strategy, which was efficacious in a clinical trial, performed in the real world. These case studies offer the clinician a