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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

) was assessed using a medical grade Detecto precision scale and height tool at both treatment admission and discharge by an approved staff. Patients were weighed in light clothing and were not informed of their weight. Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO 2 max) measures the amount of oxygen used during

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

approved staff using a medical grade Detecto precision scale and height tool. Participants were weighed in light clothing and were not informed of their weight. Analyses Propensity score matching (PSM; Rosenbaum & Rubin, 1983 ) was used to create a final dataset ( N  = 167) that accounted for the

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Oliver C. Witard, Ina Garthe and Stuart M. Phillips

fluids caused by passive or active dehydration and is most typically used by weight-class athletes prior to weigh-in (e.g., combat sports). Track and field athletes in jumping or long-distance events, where body weight is closely related to performance, may also use rapid weight loss as a strategy to

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Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

sporting scenarios. However, the acute use of low-fiber diets is often observed in weight division sports ( Reale et al., 2017 ). Here, the athletes suddenly reduce their fiber consumption in the days before weigh-in, in the belief or experience that a reduction in bowel contents contributes a small but

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mass (11.4kg-6.5kg). Lean body mass remained constant (54.5-55.0kg) and RMR was generally stable (1710 ± 77-1602 ± 75kcal.day-1) eliciting minimal adaptive thermogenesis. The final 1.8kg of BM loss (2.8%) was achieved 24 hours prior to weigh in utilising active/passive dehydration methods. Despite LEA