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Melanna F. Cox, Greg J. Petrucci Jr., Robert T. Marcotte, Brittany R. Masteller, John Staudenmayer, Patty S. Freedson and John R. Sirard

for video coders. Based on these initial agreement analyses and identification of problematic issues, the DO system was refined (Figure  1 , Phase II). In phase III, the final agreement analyses were conducted with data from the MOCA Study’s young adult subsample (Figure  1 , Phase III). Figure 1

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René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski and Néstor Duch-Brown

offered many opportunities to be physically active, compared with the European Union average of 68% ( European Commission, 2006 ). The study focused on young adults because they are particularly vulnerable to weight gain ( Huang et al., 2003 ) and can be difficult to reach through public health campaigns

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Damien Moore, Tania Pizzari, Jodie McClelland and Adam I. Semciw

abduction and the resisted hip extension–abduction exercise with large effect sizes generated (Figure  3B ). Discussion This study investigated activity levels of anterior, middle, and posterior segments of the GMed during common rehabilitation exercises in healthy young adults. These results indicate that

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

one-third (31.1%) of adults are physically inactive. 7 The transition from adolescence to adulthood, 8 and in particular the transition to college/university provides an opportunity for influencing adult behavior. 9 Young adults are exposed to a number of academic, physical, emotional, and social

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 21.0; IBM, Chicago, IL). Statistical significance level was set at .05. Results A total of 48 participants were screened to verify eligibility for the current study. Most participants were young adults who had a history of

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Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri and Morteza Taghipour

published literature to assess the kinematics of the spine during STS task in patients with LBP and healthy young adult participants using motion analysis systems (electromagnetic and marker based). It is hoped that this systematic review will be helpful in further understanding the kinematics of the spine

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

We investigated how aerobic exercise during encoding affects hippocampus-dependent memory through a source memory task that assessed hippocampus-independent familiarity and hippocampus-dependent recollection processes. Using a within-participants design, young adult participants performed a memory-encoding task while performing a cycling exercise or being seated. The subsequent retrieval phase was conducted while sitting on a chair. We assessed behavioral and event-related brain potential measures of familiarity and recollection processes during the retrieval phase. Results indicated that source accuracy was lower for encoding with exercise than for encoding in the resting condition. Event-related brain potential measures indicated that the parietal old/new effect, which has been linked to recollection processing, was observed in the exercise condition, whereas it was absent in the rest condition, which is indicative of exercise-induced hippocampal activation. These findings suggest that aerobic exercise during encoding impairs hippocampus-dependent memory, which may be attributed to inefficient source encoding during aerobic exercise.

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Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

bravely tell their stories. They paint a picture of how it is to be powerless in an environment that values athletic success or psychological well-being of a child, adolescent, or young adult. Other manuscripts highlight best practices for approaching athletes who have faced the unspeakable and are trying

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

Balance training (BT) can improve postural control. This has recently been confirmed in systematic reviews for older adults ( 21 ) and healthy young adults ( 20 ). In addition, there are several studies demonstrating that BT interventions lead to improved postural control in children

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James A. Ashton-Miller and Ronald F. Zernicke

of cadavers under repetitive submaximal loading, and we also observed a similar damage signature in the femoral entheses of ACLs removed from living athletes at the time of their surgical repair. Savio Woo showed that the maximal tensile load that a healthy young adult ACL could withstand under 1