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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

in the Farooq et al ( 58 ) investigation. Physical Activity and Cognition Experts: Amanda L. McGowan and Matthew B. Pontifex, Michigan State University This section of Pediatric Exercise Science highlights a subset of papers, published in 2018, providing new perspectives regarding the association

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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

increase, and these in turn can strengthen the beliefs about the positive outcomes from engaging in PA ( Hall, 1995 ). Overall, these results suggest that self-regulatory imagery is a potentially powerful tool for influencing exercise-related cognitions. Higher levels of self-regulatory imagery were also

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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

blocks for the brain to create and maintain connections, which is critical for improved cognition and academic performance. Dietary factors have a broad and positive action on neuronal function and plasticity. For example, the omega-3 fatty acids, which are typically found in high concentrations in algae

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

Improved walking, balance, and activities of daily living Frailty c Improved walking, balance, and activities of daily living Stroke c,d Improved walking, physical fitness, functional independence Improved cognition Spinal cord injury b Improved physical fitness Improved walking and wheel chair skills

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Heidi J. Syväoja, Anna Kankaanpää, Jouni Kallio, Harto Hakonen, Janne Kulmala, Charles H. Hillman, Anu-Katriina Pesonen and Tuija H. Tammelin

increasing levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and by enhancing cerebrovascular function. 33 Beside the beneficial effects on cognition, PA may improve academic engagement, 34 self-esteem, 31 , 35 and school contentment, 36 all of which predict better AA. Furthermore, motor function may be an

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

.1080/00029238.1985.11080163 Curran , T. ( 2000 ). Brain potentials of recollection and familiarity . Memory & Cognition, 28 ( 6 ), 923 – 938 . PubMed doi:10.3758/BF03209340 10.3758/BF03209340 Curran , T. , & Cleary , A.M. ( 2003 ). Using ERPs to dissociate recollection from familiarity in picture recognition

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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

vigorous physical activity will reduce blood pressure, improve insulin sensitivity, improve sleep and cognition, and reduce symptoms of anxiety symptoms and anger. 3 Unfortunately, use of recreation time in the jail setting has not been described previously, thereby precluding an important area for policy

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

opportunity to gain awareness and challenge cognitions and mindset associated with unbalanced exercise behaviors. Patients frequently processed thoughts and feelings around exercise with the CSCS throughout treatment, and they participated in supported individual and group fitness sessions with the CSCS to

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Nathan Millikan, Dustin R. Grooms, Brett Hoffman and Janet E. Simon

challenge cognition in addition to physical abilities. Several laboratory-based biomechanical reports have confirmed increased injury risk movement strategies when under cognitive or visual load, however, typical functional testing does not incorporate such visual or cognitive aspects that increase injury

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Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio and Laura E. Middleton

’Connor, 2007 ; Van Alphen, Hortobágyi, & van Heuvelen, 2016 ). Despite the broad benefits of exercise, persons living with MCI or dementia remain less physically active than older adults with healthy cognition ( McGuire, 2014 ), who are themselves often inactive. Despite the low exercise participation among