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Richard A. Brindle, David Ebaugh and Clare E. Milner

strengthening is a common component of treatment. 3 In a side-lying hip abductor strength test, an adduction force is applied to the patient’s limb through a handheld dynamometer that either matches or exceeds the patient’s maximum isometric force. In a hip abductor eccentric strength test or “break test,” the

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

the same as the assessment and were not performed with maximal effort. After the trials, a 20-second resting time was provided. Angular velocity adjustment depends on the joint and parameter evaluated. 17 Strength tests are performed at low speeds, while power and endurance tests are performed at

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Kellie C. Huxel Bliven and Kelsey J. Picha

movers, force couples, and compensatory muscles are considered simultaneously and collectively. This shift toward a more comprehensive approach, in both muscle activation and strength testing, provides a more detailed and functional understanding of the shoulder. It is well established that supraspinatus

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee

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Tomohiro Yasuda

Consequently, our results suggested that, for healthy young women, upper leg 50% girth measurement rather than handgrip strength test was a useful method for evaluating both knee extensor muscle strength and size. In the present study, a stepwise multiple regression analysis was applied to the predictor

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Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann and Astrid Zech

placed on the lateral epicondyle of the femur. Knee-flexion ROM was defined as the maximum deviation from the neutral zero position. 37 Subjects performed the active knee flexion independently. All tests were conducted in a fixed order with strength test at last to avoid exhaustion while testing

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

. COP indicates center of pressure; INT, intervention; CON, control. * P  = .012. Figure 2 —RTD for explosive strength test in an isometric right-leg plantar flexion (interaction: P  = .040; η p 2 = .06 ; INT: r  = .33). Black dots and lines represent all INT groups and gray dots and lines represent

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

and FR groups. Finally, following a 30-day ketogenic diet (only 22 g carbohydrate per day), elite artistic gymnasts lost ∼1.9 kg fat mass, and a small but nonsignificant increase in LBM was observed, with no significant differences in strength tests ( Paoli et al., 2012 ). Thus, it is possible to

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Kathryn L. Weston, Nicoleta Pasecinic and Laura Basterfield

preexisting injury. Two children were absent for height and weight measurements, with one other child unavailable for weight measurement only. Six participants were absent for standing broad jump, and 9 were absent for sit-and-reach. One participant was absent for the handgrip strength test. Results