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Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai and Masahiro Iwata

muscle imbalances, which predisposes to muscle injuries, 4 patellar tendinopathy, and patellofemoral pain, 5 and facilitates the development of low back pain. 6 Therefore, obtaining detailed information about the effects of stretching on the hamstring muscles is an important issue that could lead to

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Landon Lempke, Rebecca Wilkinson, Caitlin Murray and Justin Stanek

Clinical Scenario Stretching exercises are commonly prescribed during warm-up and cool-down protocols, strength and conditioning training programs, and rehabilitation programs. Stretching is applied for the purposes of injury prevention, increasing joint range of motion (ROM), and increasing muscle

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Scott W. Cheatham and Russell Baker

body part using a 50% overlapping (distal to proximal) pattern with a relative elongation or stretch force range of 50% to 90% of the band length. 1 After application, the client performs up to a 2-minute “tissue flossing” intervention that may include various active and passive movements of the

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Natália Barros Beltrão, Camila Ximenes Santos, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, David Behm, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui and Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo

Stretching intensity is an important variable that can be manipulated with flexibility training. The degree of muscle-tendon elongation is controlled by the individual’s subjective assessment of stretch tolerance based on the degree of pain or discomfort. 1 Although stretching intensity can

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Matthew J. Hussey, Alex E. Boron-Magulick, Tamara C. Valovich McLeod and Cailee E. Welch Bacon

measures (eg, no intervention, static self-stretching measures, and TheraBand warm-up measures), study procedures, and ROM measurements (eg, internal rotation, horizontal adduction). 1 – 3 Current research identifies a few soft tissue therapy techniques for treating pain and increasing ROM including

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Lawrence W. Judge, David Bellar, Kimberly J. Bodey, Bruce Craig, Michael Prichard and Elizabeth Wanless

The purpose of this study was to determine if NCAA Division I and III men’s basketball programs were in compliance with recommended pre- and post-activity stretching protocols. Questionnaires were sent to 500 NCAA Division I and Division III programs in the United States. Seventy-six coaches (75 males & 1 female) participated in the study. Chi-Square analysis (χ2(3,n=69) = 42.29, p≤0.001) indicated a greater combined percentage of static/pnf/ballistic stretches (10.14%, n=7) and combination of stretches (57.97%, n=40) than expected as compared to dynamic stretches (31.89%, n=22). Participants were asked during what period (pre- or post-activity) stretching should be emphasized. The results were significantly different from expected (χ2(4,n=76) = 129.28, p≤0.001), with a greater percentage of pre-activity stretches (26.31%, n=20) and both pre- and post-activity of stretches (60.52%, n=46) being reported as compared to post-activity stretches (13.15%, n=10). Some results seemed to be in conflict with current recommendations in the literature regarding pre-activity stretching practices.

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife and Christopher J. Durall

) 7 compared LIAEX initiated within 10 days after SRC with usual care (ie, rest). A second level 1b RCT 8 compared LIAEX initiated within 10 days after SRC with placebo stretching. • Recovery in the studies was defined as symptom resolution per the Postconcussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) and

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Erica S. Albertin, Emilie N. Miley, James May, Russell T. Baker and Don Reordan

-free daily activities with achieving normal ranges of motion). 3 , 4 Clinicians often apply traditional therapy, such as stretching and strengthening exercises, to improve hip ROM. 5 Although traditional therapy has been recommended to improve hip ROM, the efficiency of the treatments is questionable. 3

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Kevin Laudner and Kyle Thorson

and various rehabilitation protocols. Several studies have shown that gross stretching of the pectoralis minor is not effective for correcting scapular kinematics, 9 , 10 but does result in increased muscle length 2 , 10 and elasticity. 11 These stretching techniques have focused on moving the

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Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

80% of the initial bike test for 5 or 6 times per week for 6 wk. The stretching groups completed a full-body stretching program with new stretches each week Participants had a choice between walking/light jogging or stationary bicycle for the aerobic activity Outcome measure(s) (1) Symptoms (2