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Everton C. do Carmo, Renato Barroso, Andrew Renfree, Natalia R. da Silva, Saulo Gil, and Valmor Tricoli

during time trial races 5 , 7 where the goal is to achieve the best time possible or in a well-controlled laboratory and against virtual opponents 8 where the effects of external influences as a position in the pack, environmental factor, and opponents behavior are less predominant than a real head

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Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga

of pacing behavior. 2 , 4 As shown before in observational and experimental studies, an opponent could be such an affordance, inviting exercisers to adjust their pacing behavior. 4 – 6 For example, the presence of a virtual opponent has been revealed to improve performance. 5 , 7 – 9 Moreover

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl, and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

-1651 Bollaert , R.E. , Marsh , A.P. , Cutter , G.R. , & Motl , R.W. ( 2017 ). The virtual short physical performance battery: Psychometric properties and validation in older adults with multiple sclerosis . Journal of Applied Gerontology, 38 ( 10 ), 1492 – 1505 . PubMed ID: 28506093 doi:10

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Paulo Sugihara Junior, Alex S. Ribeiro, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Paolo M. Cunha, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Brad J. Schoenfeld, and Edilson S. Cyrino

precision. Total energy intake, protein, carbohydrate, and lipid content were calculated using nutrition analysis software (version 4.0; Virtual Nutri, São Paulo-SP, Brazil). RT Program Supervised RT was performed during the morning hours in the State University facilities. The protocol was based on

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Luca Pollastri, Gabriele Gallo, Milena Zucca, Luca Filipas, Antonio La Torre, Ugo Riba, Luigi Molino, and Elisabetta Geda

cover the distance in the shortest possible time. The TT began with the standard virtual gear, and then the participants were free to shift it. The only feedback provided during TT was the time elapsed from the beginning and the remaining distance to be completed. The participants were allowed to drink

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Camilla H. Carlsen, David McGhie, Julia K. Baumgart, and Øyvind Sandbakk

, instantaneous sit-ski velocity was obtained by numerical differentiation of a virtual marker representing the sit-ski (mean of all 4 ski markers), adding belt speed. Then, CL was calculated as the product of cycle mean sit-ski velocity and CT. Lastly, for each variable, the mean across all cycles was calculated

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Guro Strøm Solli, Pål Haugnes, Jan Kocbach, Roland van den Tillaar, Per Øyvind Torvik, and Øyvind Sandbakk

lengths of 264 and 189 m. The maximal difference in elevation was 16 m, with a total climb of 32 m for the course. The time each skier spent in a section was calculated based on virtual split times. Section speed was calculated by dividing the length of a section by the section time of the skiers. The Cat

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Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom, and William R. Falcão

was facilitated by the use of social media: I think one of the biggest elements that have helped us grow is the social media and virtual communication that we have now. In the past it was very difficult to communicate with other cities and provinces. Today, we can go online, to Facebook groups and

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Teri A. Todd, Keely Ahrold, Danielle N. Jarvis, and Melissa A. Mache

.1111/1469-7610.00054 Greffou , S. , Bertone , A. , Hahler , E.M. , Hanssens , J.M. , Mottron , L. , & Faubert , J. ( 2012 ). Postural hypo-reactivity in autism is contingent on development and visual environment: A fully immersive virtual reality study . Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42 ( 6

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Danielle Peers

, capacities, physical activities, communities, and lives. The interweaving of the actual and the virtual, the here and the hereafter, the physical and non-physical worlds abound in indigenousness. For my respondents, the physical and non-physical were equally real, and they drew from both to construct their