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Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon, and Paul Branscum

information-seeking and decision-making behaviors. One study found that, in a sample of 335 older adults (65–90 years), affective outcome expectancies predicted participation in exercise at 6- and 12-month follow-ups, but cognitive-based, health-related outcome expectancies did not ( Gellert, Ziegelmann

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Gorden Sudeck, Stephanie Jeckel, and Tanja Schubert

positive proximal affective outcome expectancies (see below for according references). Interventions must also be shown to promote knowledge and understanding for subjectively relevant associations between PA and psychological health and well-being. Possible Explanations Interventional measures require a

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Emily L. Mailey, Deirdre Dlugonski, Wei-Wen Hsu, and Michelle Segar

. Health Behaviour Goal Model: Towards a Theoretical Framework for Health Behaviour Change . Leiden, Netherlands : Leiden University Press ; 1997 . 10.1037/e537042011-003 17. Gellert P , Ziegelmann JP , Schwarzer R . Affective and health-related outcome expectancies for physical activity in

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Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Yuya Anan, Kenji Harada, and Hiroyuki Shimada

outcome expectancy for physical activity among middle-aged and older Chinese adults: A latent profile analysis . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14 ( 5 ), 682 – 691 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.05.007 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.05.007 Li , K. , Seo , D.C. , Torabi , M.R. , Peng , C

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Lubna Abdul Razak, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Jannah Jones, Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, Meghan Finch, Kirsty Seward, Edouard Tursan d’Espaignet, Rimante Ronto, Ben Elton, and Luke Wolfenden

Skills development Professional role Perceived competence Beliefs Outcome expectancies Stages of change Organizational culture/climate Interaction between person and environment Resources/material resources Social pressure Social norms Social support Power Conflict Alhassan and Whitt-Glover 37

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Kelley Strohacker and Cory T. Beaumont

& Velicer, 1997 ). Social-cognitive theory presumes that reciprocal determinism occurs between the person (e.g., past experiences, outcome expectancies), the environment (e.g., social context), and the behavior itself and that self-efficacy (i.e., one’s confidence in one’s ability to successfully perform a

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Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Mack C. Shelley, and Warren D. Franke

://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/PhysicalActivity/FitnessBasics/American-Heart-Association-Recommendations-for-Physical-Activity-in-Adults_UCM_307976_Article.jsp Ayotte , B.J. , Margrett , J.A. , & Hicks-Patrick , J. ( 2010 ). Physical activity in middle-aged and older adults: the roles of self-efficacy, barriers, outcome expectancies, self-regulatory behaviors, and social support . Journal of Health Psychology, 15 , 173 – 185

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin, and Kathleen Wilson

are one common negative symptom for individuals with schizophrenia. The health action process approach (HAPA) model may be a particularly useful framework for this population given its distinction between social cognitive variables during the motivational (e.g., risk perceptions, outcome expectancy

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Nele Huys, Vicky Van Stappen, Samyah Shadid, Marieke De Craemer, Odysseas Androutsos, Jaana Lindström, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Maria S. de Sabata, Luis Moreno, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Violeta Iotova, Imre Rurik, Yannis Manios, Greet Cardon, and on behalf of the Feel4Diabetes-Study Group

. Although several other studies identified socioeconomic differences in psychosocial and perceived environmental correlates (eg, self-efficacy, perceived benefits, health perception, perceived barriers, attitudes, and negative outcome expectancies) of PA between low and high SES individuals, none of these

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Christopher Johansen, Kim D. Reynolds, Jennifer Wolch, Jason Byrne, Chih-Ping Chou, Sarah Boyle, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Brianna A. Lienemann, Susan Weaver, and Michael Jerrett

41 or positive outcome expectancies 42 of utilizing the trail, increasing the likelihood of trail use. For initial users, signage on trails may serve as an indicator of the overall quality and safety of the trail, increasing the intention to use the trail. The lack of distance signs might