Taking inspiration from Nikolas Rose (2007a, 2007b) and feminist new materialists, this paper creates space for athletic women’s voices of their biological and social bodies, and particularly their interactions with the medical professions and biomedical technologies. Drawing upon interviews with 10 female athletes and recreational exercisers who have experienced amenorrhea as a result of their exercise and dieting practices, it reveals how these women, as ‘somatic subjects’, are “reformulating their own answers to Kant’s three famous questions—what can I know? What must I do? What may I hope?—in the age of the molecular biopolitics of life itself” (Rose 2007a, p. 257). In so doing, we see that not all women are docile bodies within such operations of medical power and knowledge, and the “somatic ethics” being practiced by athletic women diagnosed with amenorrhea vary considerably, ranging from rejection and resistance to acceptance of medical advice. Ultimately, this paper challenges scholars of the moving body to consider what the ‘biological turn in social theory’ might mean for our field, and our understandings of moving bodies beyond the biology/culture dualism.
Aurelia Nattiv, Rosemary Agostini, Kimberly K. Yeager, and Barbara Drinkwater
Sharon H. Thompson, Presley Smith, and Rita DiGioacchino
A serious commitment to sport and exercise may predispose female athletes to the development of eating disorders. The energy restriction and accompanying menstrual disorders that are often associated with eating disorders may increase female athletes’ injury risks. The purpose of this study was to assess NCAA Division I, II, and III female collegiate cross country athletes’ weekly exercise time, rates of injury, menstrual dysfunction, and subclinical eating disorder risks. A paper-pencil survey was completed by athletes (mean age = 19.64 years) from NCAA Division I (n = 82), Division II (n = 103) and Division III (n = 115) colleges across the United States. Division I athletes spent significantly more weekly exercise time (M = 687.97 minutes) than Division II (M = 512.38 minutes, p = .0007) or Division III (M = 501.32 minutes, p = .0003) athletes. When examining rates of menstrual dysfunction, 23 percent reported amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea. Over 60 percent (64.3%) of the athletes reported a performance-related injury, with the knee being the most commonly injured site. 24 percent (23.7%) of the athletes reported having stress fractures. Scores for subclinical eating disorders for Division I athletes were significantly higher (M = 87.11) than Division III athletes (M = 82.94, p = .0042). Division I female athletes may be at an increased risk of developing subclinical eating disorders compared to those competing in Division II or III. Because early identification of those with subclinical eating disorders prevents the progression to eating disorders, further study is warranted.
Articles Athletic Women’s Experiences of Amenorrhea: Biomedical Technologies, Somatic Ethics and Embodied Subjectivities Holly Thorpe * 3 2016 33 1 1 13 10.1123/ssj.2015-0030 One Guy Named Mo: Race, Nation and the London 2012 Olympic Games Daniel Burdsey * 3 2016 33 1 14 25 10.1123/ssj.2015
Conferences The Female Athlete Triad: Disordered Eating, Amenorrhea, Osteoporosis Aurelia Nattiv M.D. Rosemary Agostini M.D. Kimberly K. Yeager M.D., M.P.H. Barbara Drinkwater Ph.D., FACSM 4 1993 2 2 1 1 90 90 93 93 10.1123/wspaj.2.1.90 National Girls and Women in Sport Symposium Sue E. Feldkamp 4
Claire-Marie Roberts and Jacky Forsyth
, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health ( De Souza, Koltun, Southmayd, & Aurigemma, 2018 ). The first symptom of RED-S or the Female Athlete Triad is often amenorrhea—the absence of a normal menstrual period. It was disappointing to learn that some athletes had been advised
downregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. In female athletes of reproductive age this manifests itself as amenorrhea. Together with low estrogen and other key hormones such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), bone health can be impaired, as described in the female athlete triad. Beyond effects on
participated in the survey. Excluding those not of a reproductive age, 3.5% had amenorrhea, 6.0% oligomenorrhea, 42.1% eumenorrhea, 1.1% polymenorrhea and 48.4% were using hormonal contraception. 80.5% of women reported experiencing menstrual cycle-related symptoms every cycle, and 68.7% have had to alter
Holly Thorpe, Julie Brice, and Anna Rolleston
menstruation social discourses as well as how players come to understand menstruation in a sporting context ( Kissling, 1996 ; Moreno-Black & Vallianatos, 2005 ). However, the dominant approach to studying menstruation (and amenorrhea) in sport is from a clinical, medical perspective that is void of the
Travis Anderson, Sandra J. Shultz, Nancy I. Williams, Ellen Casey, Zachary Kincaid, Jay L. Lieberman, and Laurie Wideman
or due to menstrual disturbances such as amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea) or if the chosen sampling days limited detectable concentrations. It is also not known if the threshold would be similar for non-collegiate female athletes, since it is unclear if the magnitude of change in relaxin varies based