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Annamari Maaranen, Judy L. Van Raalte, and Britton W. Brewer

Flikikammo is a troubling phenomenon in which athletes lose the ability to perform previously automatic backward moving gymnastics skills as a normal part of a routine. To better understand the effects of flikikammo over time, the confidence, perceived pressure, physical well-being, energy, and stress levels of gymnasts (n = 6) and cheerleaders (n = 4) were assessed weekly over 10 weeks. Half of the participants reported experiencing flikikammo at the start of the study, and half served as age, skill level, and sport-matched controls. Athletes with flikikammo indicated that pressure from coaches and higher energy levels were related to more severe flikikammo. For participants under the age of 18, higher levels of life stress positively correlated with flikikammo, but for those over 18, higher life stress was negatively correlated with flikikammo. These findings highlight the complexity of flikikammo and suggest that complex solutions may be needed to address flikikammo issues.

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Eating Pathology Among Collegiate Athletes: Examining Stigma and Perfectionism as Moderating and Mediating Mechanisms Shelby J. Martin * Timothy Anderson * 18 10 2019 1 09 2020 14 3 234 250 10.1123/jcsp.2018-0098 jcsp.2018-0098 Mental Blocks in Artistic Gymnastics and Cheerleading: Longitudinal

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho

, tournik, aerial silks, bungees, contortion, and cyr wheel. The participants’ experience as professional circus artists ranged from 1.5 to 10 years ( M  = 5.8 years). All participants were national ( n  = 2) or international level ( n  = 6) gymnasts in artistic gymnastics ( n  = 6), trampoline ( n  = 3

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Thomas D. Raedeke, Victoria Blom, and Göran Kenttä

study was approved by the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences ethics committee. Contact information for elite clubs in figure skating and artistic gymnastics was provided by National Governing Body performance directors. A former professional dancer provided contact information for dance

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Justine J. Reel, Leslie Podlog, Lindsey Hamilton, Lindsey Greviskes, Dana K. Voelker, and Cara Gray

-016-0104-4 Lavallee , D. , & Robinson , H. ( 2007 ). In pursuit of an identity: A qualitative exploration of retirement from women’s artistic gymnastics . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8 , 119 – 141 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.05.003 10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.05.003 Madrigal , L. , & Gill , D

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Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner

sport and the loss of athletic identity . Journal of Personal & Interpersonal Loss, 2 ( 2 ), 129 – 147 . doi:10.1080/10811449708414411 10.1080/10811449708414411 Lavallee , D. , & Robinson , H.K. ( 2007 ). In pursuit of an identity: A qualitative exploration of retirement from women’s artistic