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Eurico P. César, Cleito S.R. Júnior, and Raphael N. Francisco

Purpose: To compare the effect of static stretching (SS) and cold-water immersion (CWI) on strength performance and blood lactate levels of jiu-jitsu athletes. Methods: A total of 21 male Brazilian jiu-jitsu fighters were randomly assigned to SS (9 × 30-s carpal extension), CWI (3 × 3 min at 10°C), or a control group (CG); their maximal handgrip strength, handgrip muscle endurance, dynamic kimono grip strength test, and blood lactate concentration were assessed before and after a simulated Brazilian jiu-jitsu fight and after one of the recovery interventions. Results: There was an interaction (F = 9.075; P = .002) and a time effect (F = 11.792; P = .003) for dynamic kimono grip strength test, showing a decrease in performance for the CG (P = .0001; effect size [ES] = 0.52, moderate) and after SS (P = .006; ES = 0.43, small). There was an interaction (F = 3.592; P = .015) and a time effect (F = 122.631; P = .0001) for blood lactate concentration, showing lower levels after CWI versus CG (P = .028; ES = 0.93, moderate) and after CWI versus SS (P = .042; ES = 0.82, moderate). There was an interaction (F = 9.617; P = .001) for handgrip strength, showing an impairment in performance after SS (P = .001; ES = 0.67, moderate). Conclusion: CWI promoted restoration of muscle strength and endurance and reduction in blood lactate levels after the simulated fight and can thus be used by jiu-jitsu athletes as a recovery strategy between fights.

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Adelle Gadowski, Alice J. Owen, Andrea Curtis, Natalie Nanayakkara, Stephane Heritier, Marie Misso, and Sophia Zoungas

hypocholesterolemic agent.mp. 54 oxidoreductase inhibitor.mp. 55 vastatin.mp. 56 or/1-55 57 exercise/or circuit-based exercise/or cool-down exercise/or muscle stretching exercises/or physical conditioning, human/or plyometric exercise/or resistance training/or running/or jogging/or swimming/or walking/or warm

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon, and Miriam C. Morey

"Exercise Movement Techniques"[Mesh:NoExp] OR "Early Ambulation"[Mesh] OR "Exercise"[Mesh:NoExp] OR “exercise”[tiab] OR "Walking"[Mesh] OR "walk"[tiab] OR "walks"[tiab] OR "walking"[tiab] OR "Muscle Stretching Exercises"[Mesh] OR "Resistance Training"[Mesh] OR "Physical Conditioning, Human"[Mesh] OR

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Antonio J. Molina, Vicente Martin, Tania Fernández-Villa, Jose M. Cancela, and Carlos Ayan

,” along with “muscle stretching exercises,” both groups of terms were used in conjunction with other free forms and the Boolean operators AND between terms from the same population, intervention, comparison, and outcome group and OR between groups. A sample search strategy is presented in Table  1 . The