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João Paulo Limongi França Guilherme, Ekaterina A. Semenova, Hirofumi Zempo, Gabriel L. Martins, Antonio H. Lancha Junior, Eri Miyamoto-Mikami, Hiroshi Kumagai, Takuro Tobina, Keisuke Shiose, Ryo Kakigi, Takamasa Tsuzuki, Noriko Ichinoseki-Sekine, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Hisashi Naito, Oleg V. Borisov, Elena S. Kostryukova, Nikolay A. Kulemin, Andrey K. Larin, Edward V. Generozov, Noriyuki Fuku, and Ildus I. Ahmetov

cerebellum of the adult brain, CPNE5 is moderately expressed in the striatum of adult mice that have learned a complex motor task. 22 Alterations in neuronal ensemble activity and synaptic plasticity of the striatum, the foundation for long-term motor learning or motor memory, are highly relevant for

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Marco Beato, Stuart A. McErlain-Naylor, Israel Halperin, and Antonio Dello Iacono

; 33 ( 3 ): 615 – 625 . PubMed ID: 30589723 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003011 30589723 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003011 14. Zucker RS , Regehr WG . Short-term synaptic plasticity . Annu Rev Physiol . 2002 ; 64 ( 1 ): 355 – 405 .

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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

and fish, provide building material to the brain. Diets rich in sugar, saturated fats, or high in calories are considered deleterious for neural function, as they act to elevate levels of oxidative stress and to reduce synaptic plasticity and cognitive functions ( Gomez-Pinilla, 2011 ). Brain function

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, and Kevin A. Becker

repetitive upper body motor tasks following exercise on a treadmill or cycle ( Frazzitta et al., 2012 ; Ridgel, Muller, Kim, Fickes, & Mera, 2011 ). This may, in turn, allow for improvements in cognitive function through the release of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor that promotes synaptic plasticity

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Chung-Ju Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu, Ming-Chun Hsueh, Yi-Hsiang Chiu, Mei-Yao Huang, and Chien-Chih Chou

: 14972600 10.1016/j.jecp.2003.12.002 Vaynman , S. , Ying , Z. , & Gomez-Pinilla , F. ( 2004 ). Hippocampal BDNF mediates the efficacy of exercise on synaptic plasticity and cognition . European Journal of Neuroscience, 20 ( 10 ), 2580 – 2590 . PubMed ID: 15548201 doi:10.1111/j.1460

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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram, and Sterling Clarren

– 201 . PubMed ID: 20375733 doi:10.1097/DBP.0b013e3181d5a4e2 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3181d5a4e2 Christie , B.R. , Eadie , B. , Kannangara , T. , Robillard , J. , Shin , J. , & Titterness , A. ( 2008 ). Exercising our brains: How physical activity impacts synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus