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Stewart A. Vella, Lindsay G. Oades, and Trevor P. Crowe

This paper describes the validation of The Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (DTLI) within a participation youth sports context. Three hundred and twenty-two athletes aged between 11 and 18 years completed the DTLI. Using a confirmatory factor analysis, the DTLI yielded an underlying factor structure that fell short of cut-off criteria for adjudging model fit. Subsequent theory-driven changes were made to the DTLI by removing the ‘high performance expectations’ subscale. Further data-driven changes were also made on the basis of high item-factor cross-loadings. The revised version of the DTLI was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and proved to be a good fit for the obtained data. Consequently, a Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory for Youth Sport has been suggested for use within the participation youth sport context that contains 22 items, and retains six subscales.

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Nicole D. Bolter, Lindsay Kipp, and Tyler Johnson

by assessing perceptions of teaching behaviors within the physical education environment and coaching behaviors within youth sport contexts. In this paper, we were particularly interested in perceptions of physical education teachers’ and youth sport coaches’ efforts to teach participants about

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Cassidy Preston and Jessica Fraser-Thomas

for MAC-trained coaches reported significant increases in mastery-goal orientation and decreases in ego-orientation scores across the season, while control-group participants did not. Thus, while AGT has been studied widely in youth sport contexts over the past several decades, the MAC program appears

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Corliss Bean, Majidullah Shaikh, and Tanya Forneris

; Sports and Fitness Industry Association, 2018 ), and potentially offering unique benefits to youth compared to other organised activities (e.g.,  Hansen, Larson, & Dworkin, 2003 ), understanding processes within the youth sport context is of important consideration ( Reinboth, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2004

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Sara Kramers, Martin Camiré, and Corliss Bean

sport programs. Some studies conducted in the youth sport context (e.g.,  Flett, Gould, & Lauer, 2012 ) previously made use of the Youth Program Quality Assessment ( HighScope Educational Research Foundation, 2005 ), originally designed for use in after-school programs. Although advocated as valid and

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Kurtis Pankow, Amber D. Mosewich, and Nicholas L. Holt

which youth sport coaches adopt pragmatic leadership styles (vs. other leadership styles) would help establish the prevalence of coach leadership styles in given youth sport contexts and would provide direction for the development of educational initiatives designed to serve the needs of particular

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Robert H. Mann, Craig A. Williams, Bryan C. Clift, and Alan R. Barker

valid in adolescent populations. Although previous research has validated sRPE within many youth sport contexts (eg, water polo and taekwondo), no studies have validated sRPE, dRPE-L, and dRPE-B in adolescent distance runners. This needs addressing due to the popularity of distance running throughout

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Fernando Santos, Leisha Strachan, Daniel Gould, Paulo Pereira, and Cláudia Machado

’ personal assets including the 4 Cs (i.e., competence, confidence, connection, and character), which in turn influence the athletes’ participation, performance, and personal development. While originally developed in a youth-sport context, this framework includes certain dynamic elements present in high

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Zenzi Huysmans, Damien Clement, Robert Hilliard, and Adam Hansell

Within the youth sport context, coaches take on many different roles and responsibilities. Youth coaches are, first and foremost, responsible for performance outcomes and teaching sport-specific physical, tactical, and technical skills ( International Council for Coaching Excellence, Association of

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Terilyn C. Shigeno, E. Earlynn Lauer, Leslee A. Fisher, Emily J. Johnson, and Rebecca A. Zakrajsek

After considering morality within their coaching philosophy, it is important for coaches to think about the rules and standards for their teams and how they relate to morality. In the youth sport context, coaches are arguably the most influential socializers because of their role in creating moral group