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Kristoffer Henriksen, Louise Kamuk Storm, Natalia Stambulova, Nicklas Pyrdol, and Carsten Hvid Larsen

This study is focused on reflections of expert sport psychology practitioners about their interventions with competitive youth and senior elite athletes. Two objectives include: (1) to identify key structural components used by practitioners to describe sport psychology interventions and integrate them into an empirical framework, and (2) to analyze the practitioners’ experiences in regard of their successful and less successful interventions in competitive youth and elite senior sport contexts using the empirical framework. We conducted semi-structured interviews with twelve internationally recognized sport psychology practitioners (SPPs) and analyzed the data thematically. The empirical framework derived from the SPPs’ accounts contains eight structural components integrated into two categories: (1) the content and focus (with three components, e.g., adaptation of content), and (2) the organization and delivery of interventions (with five components, e.g., initiation and assessment of athletes’ needs). Using the empirical framework we found differences between successful and less successful interventions and between youth and senior contexts in terms of needs assessment, adaptation and breadth of content, athlete-practitioner relationship, and intervention settings. The empirical framework might inform SPPs in their efforts to design, implement, and evaluate their services in these two contexts.

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Robert H. Mann, Craig A. Williams, Bryan C. Clift, and Alan R. Barker

valid in adolescent populations. Although previous research has validated sRPE within many youth sport contexts (eg, water polo and taekwondo), no studies have validated sRPE, dRPE-L, and dRPE-B in adolescent distance runners. This needs addressing due to the popularity of distance running throughout

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Thelma S. Horn

general fitness levels as they move through their adult years (early, middle, late)? Do actual and perceived motor skill competence predict if, and how well, individuals negotiate successful transitions (e.g., from recreational to competitive level in youth sport contexts; from high school to college

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Lauren A. Gardner, Christopher A. Magee, and Stewart A. Vella

continue increase, the risk of dropout decreases. This suggests that in youth sport contexts where lifelong participation is a goal, youth sport stakeholders should prioritize enjoyment. This study is the first to link levels of enjoyment with participation and dropout behavior using a prospective design

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, Sarah M. Espinoza, and Nicole D. Bolter

youth sport program . J Phys Act Health . 2011 ; 8 : S285 – 94 . PubMed ID: 28829708 doi:10.1123/jpah.8.s2.s285 10.1123/jpah.8.s2.s285 16. Gano-Overway LA , Newton M , Magyar TM , Fry MD , Kim M , Guivernau MR . Influence of caring youth sport contexts on efficacy-related beliefs and

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, and Nicole D. Bolter

. 2013 ; 18 ( 3 ): 256 – 81 . doi:10.1080/17408989.2012.666791 10.1080/17408989.2012.666791 3. Bean C , Forneris T. Examining the importance of intentionally structuring the youth sport context to facilitate positive youth development . J Appl Sport Psychol . 2016 ; 28 ( 4 ): 410 – 25 . doi:10

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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia, and Ashley Stirling

, emotional, and sexual abuse ( Bennett, 2018 ) suggest that maltreatment continues to occur in various youth sport contexts. Athlete-protection polices, codes of conduct, and educational programs have the potential to foster more positive youth experiences, but researchers have indicated that oftentimes such

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Stewart A. Vella

, harassment, and bullying in sport are also available ( Mountjoy et al., 2016 ; Stirling et al., 2011 ). While these recommendations are not specifically aimed at youth sport contexts, they are exceedingly relevant for those who are responsible for the design and delivery of organized youth sport programs

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Dawn Anderson-Butcher

the contribution of youth sport to addressing broad social problems. Evidence-based strategies to promote social development through youth sport are outlined as a guide for coaches, administrators, policy makers, and others. As youth sport contexts are modified using these expanded design strategies

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Stéphanie Turgeon, Kelsey Kendellen, Sara Kramers, Scott Rathwell, and Martin Camiré

school and anxiety symptoms in young adulthood . Mental Health and Physical Activity, 12 , 19 – 24 . doi:10.1016/j.mhpa.2016.12.001 10.1016/j.mhpa.2016.12.001 Bean , C. , & Forneris , T. ( 2016 ). Examining the importance of intentionally structuring the youth sport context to facilitate