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David C. Griffey

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David C. Griffey

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David C. Griffey

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Donald Chu and David Griffey

The contact theory of racial integration is examined in this survey of the behaviors and attitudes of secondary school students and student-athletes. Self-report questionnaires were completed by 1,082 subjects in the urban upstate New York area. Subjects were evaluated on two behavioral (race of students talked to, race of students phoned) and three attitudinal (like more friends of other races, choose interracial school, or races smarter than others) dependent variables. Dependent measures were evaluated relative to their correlations with a number of independent variables (athlete/nonathlete, individual or cooperative sport played, sport experience, won-lost record, exposure to minorities, sex, social status). Results of the study argue for consideration of the contact theory’s applicability to the sport situation.

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Edited by Thomas J. Templin and David C. Griffey

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David C. Griffey and Richard S. Podemski

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Teresa E. Boggess, Ronald E. McBride, and David C. Griffey

This study was conducted to assess the level of concern that exists in physical education student teachers with regard to self, task, and impact—three areas of concern identified by Frances Fuller and her colleagues during the 1960s and 1970s. The study follows the changes in the level of concern during the student teaching semester. Information gathered was subjected to factor analysis where it was found that Fuller’s three constructs did not exist among the physical education student teachers sampled. Rather, a more elaborate pattern of concern development was uncovered than that reported in previous work. The authors make recommendations for the supervisors of student teachers as a result of these findings.

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Theresa E. Boggess, David C. Griffey, and Lynn D. Housner

Eleven elementary physical education teachers provided information about their perceptions of 251 students’ temperament characteristics and estimates of four student aptitudes: motor ability, social interaction skills, motivation, and to what level of their potential students generally worked. Estimates of the frequency that teachers would attend to each child in typical instructional situations were also gathered. Factor analysis of the temperament measures revealed three independent factors: physical sensitivity, adaptability, and reactivity/task orientation. Teachers’ decisions to attend to children were regressed on temperament factors and student aptitude measures. The findings indicated that motor ability was the most important variable teachers reported they would use in making decisions about allocating their attention during instruction. The temperament factor reactivity/task orientation was the next most important factor. The analyses suggested that teachers would consider adaptability of students only in organizational patterns that include the whole group.