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  • Author: Barbara Eva Kirunda x
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Barbara Eva Kirunda, Henry Wamani, Lars Thore Fadnes, Jan Van den Broeck and Thorkild Tylleskär

Background:

Data on physical inactivity, a known risk factor for noncommunicable diseases and its correlates in sub-Saharan Africa are almost absent. We assessed physical activity patterns and associated factors among adults.

Methods:

A populationbased study of 1208 adults was conducted in the Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Uganda. Physical activity was assessed using a pedometer for 7 days. Physical inactivity was defined as a daily average of < 7500 steps while sedentary behavior was defined as a daily average of < 5000 steps. Logistic regression was conducted to identify factors associated with physical inactivity and sedentary behavior.

Results:

Of the 1208 participants, 18.8% were sedentary (10.6% of men; 26.9% of women, P < .001), 37.6% were physically inactive (28.5% of men; 46.6% of women, P < .001). Factors associated with sedentary behavior were being female, ≥ 65 years, peri-urban residence, being a domestic worker, formal employment and lower primary education. Factors associated with physical inactivity were being female, 55 to 64 years, ≥ 65 years, peri-urban residence, overweight and obesity.

Conclusions:

Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity were prevalent among the adult population. Targeted physical activity promotion interventions are needed.