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  • Author: Becky L. Heinert x
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Becky L. Heinert, Thomas W. Kernozek, John F. Greany and Dennis C. Fater

Objective:

To determine if females with hip abductor weakness are more likely to demonstrate greater knee abduction during the stance phase of running than a strong hip abductor group.

Study Design:

Observational prospective study design.

Setting:

University biomechanics laboratory.

Participants:

15 females with weak hip abductors and 15 females with strong hip abductors.

Main Outcome Measures:

Group differences in lower extremity kinematics were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA with one between factor of group and one within factor of position with a significance value of P < .05.

Results:

The subjects with weak hip abductors demonstrated greater knee abduction during the stance phase of treadmill running than the strong group (P < .05). No other significant differences were found in the sagittal or frontal plane measurements of the hip, knee, or pelvis.

Conclusions:

Hip abductor weakness may influence knee abduction during the stance phase of running.

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Thomas W. Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Matthew Zellmer, Jordan Hove, Becky L. Heinert and Michael R. Torry

Context: Squatting is a common rehabilitation training exercise for patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Patellofemoral joint stress (PFJS) during squatting with more anterior knee displacement has not been systematically investigated. Objective: To compare PFJS during squatting using 2 techniques: squat while keeping the knees behind the toes (SBT) and squat while allowing the knees to go past the toes (SPT). Setting: University research laboratory. Participants: Twenty-five healthy females (age: 22.69 (0.74) y; height: 169.39 (6.44) cm; mass: 61.55 (9.74) kg) participated. Main Outcome Measures: Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected at 180 and 1800 Hz, respectively. A musculoskeletal model was used to calculate muscle forces through static optimization. These muscle forces were used in a patellofemoral joint model to estimate PFJS. Results: The magnitudes of PFJS, reaction force, and quadriceps force were higher (P < .001) during SPT compared with the SBT technique. Knee flexion, hip flexion, and ankle dorsiflexion angles were reduced when using the SBT technique. Conclusions: Findings provide some general support for minimizing forward knee translation during squats for patients that may have patellofemoral pain syndrome.