In this article, I ask the following question: what importance does “whiteness” play in shaping the built environments of sport? I examine (a) the significance of studying space; (b) how race and space intersect; (c) how whiteness is a historical legacy of architectural modernism, the style of design that characterizes many North American and Canadian sport spaces; and (d) the relationship between desires for rational, respectable, organized space and subjects and the production of white(ned) normativity. Using a spatial ethnographic approach, I show how discourses of whiteness and neoliberal discourses of respectability, degeneration, progress, reproduction, renewal, and reinvigoration are brought to bear on the subjects who administer, use, and maintain everyday sport and recreation spaces such as locker rooms. I argue that these discourses historically proceed through the racialized logics of modernity and serve to evoke or enforce hidden signs of racial (spatial) superiority and cultural hegemony.
Fiona Moola, Caroline Fusco and Joel A. Kirsh
Despite the benefits of physical activity for youth with congenital heart disease (CHD), most patients are inactive. Although literature has addressed medical and psychological barriers to participation, little is known about the social barriers that youth encounter. This qualitative study explored sociocultural barriers to physical activity from the perspective of 17 youth with CHD. The main theme, “what I wish you knew,” was related to all other themes-youths’ efforts to resolve “disclosure dilemmas,” the barriers they encounter during physical education, and their struggle to understand themselves as normal. The participants’ narratives illuminate the centrality of their sociocultural world to physical activity. The findings call on researchers and educators to attend to the social and cultural environments where these youth live and play.