Self-efficacy of balance, a psychological characteristic, may provide information regarding psychological risk factors for lower-extremity injury. Validated instruments to assess self-efficacy of balance do not currently exist. The objective of this study was to determine the face and content validity of the Self-Efficacy of Balance Scale (SEBS) for an adolescent population, as well as content validity, construct and convergent validity of the overall instrument. A series of panelists (n = 11) assessed proposed items for face and content validity for self-efficacy of balance. Construct and convergent validity were assessed with active college individuals (n = 74) and female high school basketball athletes (n = 57). Original items were revised to 21 items. Panelists validated both face and content validity of the SEBS. All items were assessed to have the construct of self-efficacy. Evidence of convergent validity supported the proposed construct of self-efficacy, and was found to be relevant to the physical functioning of a young, active population.
Carrie S. Baker, Jennifer M. Medina McKeon, and Ellen L. Usher
Carrie S. Baker and Gary B. Wilkerson
A patient-centered model (PCM) for athletic training services may function as a better model to decrease athletic trainer (AT) stress and result in a more desirable work-life balance compared to the traditional model (TM). The purpose of this study was to assess differences in AT stress and job satisfaction between healthcare models for delivery of AT services. A one-time electronic stress survey was administered to ATs working in both settings. ATs who work in the TM are more likely to report greater work-related stress, and less likely to report job satisfaction than ATs who work in the PCM setting.