This paper describes the issues related to nonassertive sport behavior and suggests interventions for increasing intense play. Differences between aggression and assertion are discussed, as well as nonassertion or the absence of intensity. Sources of nonassertive behavior are presented with regard to teaching appropriate assertive behaviors. Implications for changing attitudes and assertive behaviors through specific applications are discussed.
Jodi Yambor and Deidre Connelly
This article discusses issues related to the delivery of personal and performance enhancement consulting services to male student-athletes by female sport psychology consultants. A holistic, developmental, educational philosophy is described as a basis for providing services. Ethics, delivery, and consultant effectiveness are discussed relative to the male client/female consultant situation. A number of prevalent attitudes and stereotypes that may present obstacles to the successful delivery of services are discussed, along with the authors’ experiences and suggested tactics to minimize or confront and cope with these potential barriers.
Deidre Connelly and Robert J. Rotella
This paper describes issues and strategies related to teaching social assertiveness skills to athletes. Social assertiveness is examined as a key ingredient for effective communication and athlete satisfaction. Communication difficulties and issues frequently encountered in working with athletes, relevant to assertiveness skills, are discussed along with examination of team member issues that athletes must confront in order to function effectively in assertiveness situations. Specific strategies for teaching assertiveness skills to groups and individuals are presented and include applications to various sport settings.