This article adds a 5-year period (1985-1990) to the longitudinal evidence on racial participation and integration in intercollegiate basketball since 1948. In addition to extending through 1990 the analyses of previous studies, the paper includes the first longitudinal evidence of racial relations on women s basketball teams, examines the changing structure of the coaching staffs of both men’s and women s teams, and considers the discrepancies between student-athletes’ experiences on the basketball court and in the collegiate environment generally.
Norman R. Yetman and Forrest J. Berghorn
Forrest J. Berghorn, Norman R. Yetman and William E. Hanna
This article examines the relationship, over time, between the analytically separable phenomena of interracial participation and racial integration in intercollegiate basketball. A large sample of NCAA men’s and women’s teams is analyzed to determine trends between 1958 and 1985 in levels of racial participation, degrees of equal opportunity for blacks, and the extent of racial “stacking.” Comparisons are made among NCAA divisions, geographical regions, public and private schools, and men’s and women’s basketball. The findings support Kanter’s (1977) general proposition that the proportion of a minority group’s representation in an organization is an important dimension of that organization’s life.