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Reflecting on the State of U.S.Doctoral PETE Programs … “Houston, We’ve Had a Problem.”

Hans van der Mars

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Retrieval and Review

Hans van der Mars

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Retrieval and Review

Hans van der Mars

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Retrieval and Review

Hans van der Mars

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Retrieval and Review

Hans van der Mars

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Retrieval and Review

Hans van der Mars

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Principled, Modest, and Giving … Don Hellison’s Impact Through the Eyes of His Peers

Hans van der Mars

This paper consists of reflections by a group of higher education peers on Don Hellison’s impact and legacy. The group of peers reflects a mix of gender, history and (work) experience with Hellison, and philosophical positions. Their views are presented around thematic topics, based on written responses to select questions. Some of the themes include Hellison’s impact on school physical education, physical education teacher education, his atypical role and identity as a researcher and scholar, and him being ahead of his time. The consensus view across Hellison’s peers is Hellison having impacted K–12 physical education, physical education teacher education, and the sport pedagogy research enterprise in significant ways that will be long lasting.

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Using the Alternate Control Treatment Group Research Design in Conducting Research on Teacher Education: An Example

Hans van der Mars

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Effects of Audiocueing on Teacher Verbal Praise of Students’ Managerial and Transitional Task Performance

Hans van der Mars

Audiocueing by way of a microcassette recorder was used to change a female student teacher’s (S1) use of verbal praise of students’ overall class behavior. A second student teacher’s (S2) behavior teaching in the same setting was used as concurrent baseline measure. Both subjects taught K-3 classes at a rural elementary school. An ABAB reversal design was used to determine the relationship between the intervention and dependent variables. Results showed that when audiocues were introduced, verbal praise rate increased significantly. Upon removal of the audiocues, the rate of verbal praise decreased gradually. Percentage of specific verbal praise also increased upon presentation of audiocues. Experimental significance found through visual inspection of graphic data was supported statistically by f-test results. Findings of the exit interview with S1 are included. Suggestions for further research are provided.

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The Effects of Audio-Cueing on Selected Teaching Behaviors of an Experienced Elementary Physical Education Specialist

Hans van der Mars

Audio-cueing was used as the intervention to increase an experienced male physical educator’s use of verbal positive behavior feedback and specific positive skill feedback. The intervention was introduced by using a multiple baseline design across behaviors, with percent of management time as a concurrent baseline. Visual analysis of graphs showed the effectiveness of the intervention. Across both target behaviors, audio-cueing produced immediate and substantial changes as evidenced by changes in level and the absence of data overlap. Subsequent statistical analysis was possible in light of the absence of serial dependency in the data. T-test results supported the findings established through visual analysis. For both target behaviors, differences between baseline and intervention data were statistically significant (p<.01).