The purpose of this investigation was to determine which of three least restrictive classroom environments would provide the greatest opportunity for mentally retarded students to practice on-task motor behavior. The experimental design used in this investigation consisted of three intact groups, each containing 10 moderately mentally retarded subjects ranging in age from 5 to 12 years. Static and dynamic balance measures were taken to evaluate the acquisition of overall balance performance while controls were placed on intelligence quotients and ability. Academic Learning Time (ALT) was also recorded in order to determine differences in content motor behavior. A significant relationship occurred between static balance and ALT. In addition, the peer tutors significantly increased the time moderately mentally retarded students practiced content motor behavior, which established the peer-tutor classroom setting as the least restrictive environment for enhancing motor performance.
Michael Metzler, James DePaepe and Glenn Reif
The purpose of this article is to present a battery of three new systems for measuring Academic Learning Time-Physical Education. All three systems incorporate updated features and unique observational technologies for coding this student process variable in physical education. The first system uses analogue chronometry to make duration recordings of student behavior. The second system uses the Data Myte 801 electronic recorder for data collection. The third system introduces the first microcomputer-based data collection system for ALT-PE, considered to be the forerunner of many more such systems in the near future.