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Jeffrey A. Borgmeyer, Bradley A. Scott and Jerry L. Mayhew


The effect of ice massage on muscle-strength performance is equivocal.


To determine the effects of ice massage on maximum isokinetic torque produced during a 20-minute interval.


Participants performed a maximal isokinetic contraction of the right arm at 30°/s every 2 minutes for 20 minutes, once after a 10-minute ice massage over the right biceps brachii muscle belly and once without ice treatment. Sessions were randomized.


11 college men.


Torque was measured with a Cybex® II dynamometer. Biceps skinfold was measured with a Harpenden caliper.


A repeated-measures ANCOVA revealed no significant interaction between time and treatment condition when the effect of skinfold thickness was held constant. A main effect for time indicated that torque production was significantly higher at 4 and 8 minutes and declined thereafter.


A 10-minute ice massage neither enhanced nor retarded muscle-force output and thus may be used for its pain-reducing effect to allow resistance exercise during the rehabilitation process