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Jeffrey O. Segrave

This paper explores the use of the sports metaphor in the language of sexual relations. Data were collected from a questionnaire administered to a select sample of 127 undergraduate students. The results indicated widespread familiarity and use of this type of language, especially among males. Far from being innocuous, the use of the sports metaphor in this intimate area of life operates as a subtle, yet powerful component of a larger cultural discourse that contributes to the social construction of male hegemony in society. In particular, “sportspeak” in the language of sexual relations functions as a mechanism for transforming a human relations issue into a technical problem, for objectifying women, and for constructing notions of masculine hegemony and hegemonic masculinity.

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Jeffrey O. Segrave

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Jeffrey O. Segrave and Claude A. Ciancio

In recent years, coaching behavior has been subjected to detailed scrutiny through the development and application of systematic observation techniques. This study extended this line of research into the area of youth sports by analyzing the coaching behavior of a successful Pop Warner football coach, Beau Kilmer. The study also sought to compare Kilmer’s coaching profile with the profiles of two successful college coaches, namely UCLA basketball coach John Wooden and Arizona State University football coach Frank Kush. The specific research tool used was the Coaching Behavior Recording Form. Twenty practices were sampled for observation. Data were compiled using event recording techniques. The results indicated that although instruction ranked first for all three coaches, Kilmer differed from Wooden and Kush in most other respects. The data suggest a differential use of coaching behaviors commensurate with the age and background of the athletes involved.

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Jeffrey O. Segrave and Douglas N. Hastad

Although several studies have reported a negative association between interscholastic athletic participation and delinquent behavior, research has failed to take account of the social psychological processes underlying the relationship. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to analyze the dynamic processes underlying the relationship between participation in interscholastic athletics and delinquent behavior. The study evaluated the relative contribution of 12 socio-psychological variables in the etiology of delinquent behavior among male and female athletes and nonathletes. Of the total sample of 1,693 high school students, 788 (442 males and 346 females) were classified as athletes. Overall, the results indicated that a similar pattern persists in the etiology of delinquent behavior among male and female athletes and nonathletes. Several differences were also found in the etiology of delinquent behavior among male athletes and nonathletes, female athletes and nonathletes, and male and female athletes.

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Douglas N. Hastad, Jeffrey O. Segrave, Robert Pangrazi, and Gene Petersen

Although several studies have investigated the relationship between interscholastic athletic participation and delinquency, little attention has been given to younger populations. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between youth sport participation and deviant behavior among elementary school children. The study ascertained deviancy among youth sport participants and nonparticipants, and compared the profiles of youth sport participants and deviants on a selected cluster of eight sociopsychological variables. Of a total sample of 381 sixth-grade students, 278 (146 boys and 132 girls) were classified as youth sport participants. Overall, the results indicated a negative association between youth sport participation and deviancy. Although the study showed some similarities in the profiles of youth sport participants and deviants, important distinctions were found regarding the variables delinquent associates, peer status, and personal values.