Purpose: Physical education teacher education programs prepare preservice teachers to lead Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs. Through the coordination of a university’s physical education teacher education program and an elementary school, the purpose of this study was to examine preservice and in-service teachers’ perspectives in implementing a 6-week movement integration program. Method: A total of 12 preservice teachers participated in a weekly online discussion forum as part of a community of practice. In addition, the preservice teachers and three in-service teachers participated in an interview. Data were analyzed for themes. Results: The themes were facilitating implementation through support, sharing ideas for common practice, and overcoming challenges in implementation. Support received by the preservice teachers facilitated the implementation of the program. They also shared strategies to overcome implementation challenges through the weekly online discussions. Discussion/Conclusion: Fostering communities of practice among preservice teachers prepares them for collaboration and movement integration implementation in the future.
Tan Leng Goh and Kristin Scrabis-Fletcher
Kristin Scrabis-Fletcher, Jennifer Rasmussen and Stephen Silverman
Grounded in social cognitive theory this study examined attitude and perception of competence and their relationship with skill practice in middle school physical education.
Participants (N = 81) were randomly selected from nine teachers’ classes. Two lessons were videotaped and students completed a middle school perception of competence survey (Scrabis-Fletcher & Silverman, 2010), and a physical education attitude survey (Subramaniam & Silverman, 2000). Student practice trials and task time were coded during skill instruction. A series of different analyses were conducted including descriptive, correlational, and multiple regressions to allow for in-depth understanding of the relationship of student practice and the psychosocial variables of perception of competence and attitude, along with the type and amount of practice occurring in class.
Analyses revealed interesting findings about how class time was spent along with a significant correlation for the total number of tasks and appropriate trials per minute and a low correlation between the psychosocial factors and practice variables.
Including more tasks may increase the number of appropriate practice trials. The sociocognitive bidirectional relationship however, is not predictive in nature and needs to be examined more discreetly from the student, contextual, and teacher perspectives.
Pamela Hodges Kulinna, Kristin Scrabis-Fletcher, Stephen Kodish, Sharon Phillips and Stephen Silverman
The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed analysis of the research literature in physical education for one decade, including data on the research focus (i.e., teaching, teacher education, and curriculum). Α database of published research and research-based scholarship was created. Data were coded maintaining 97% or higher agreement levels. There were 1,819 physical education pedagogy research papers published during 1995–2004 in 94 different journals, including those that primarily pertain to (a) physical education (56.40%), (b) kinesiology (30.02%), (c) education and social science (9.35%), and (d) heath education and medical (4.23%). Papers represented all three focus areas: teaching (65.31%), curriculum (19.24%), and teacher education (15.45%). Research in physical education pedagogy has increased each year since 1995, including a small presence in education and social science journals as well as health education and medical journals.