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Scott J. Black, Michael L. Woodhouse, Stephen Suttmiller and Larry Shall

The effects of hip position on thigh electromyographic (EMG) activity and knee torque were evaluated. Twenty-four recreational athletes (12 males and 12 females) volunteered to participate. Subjects were tested isokinetically at 30°/s in sitting and supine positions both concentrically and eccentrically during knee flexion and extension. Gravity-corrected torques (N·m) were obtained for all tests. EMG amplitude (mV) was collected via surface electrodes. Torque values were significantly greater (p<.05) for knee flexion in the sitting position when compared to the supine. EMG activity did not change relative to hip position but typically increased (p<.05) during concentric trials. Knee extension torque and EMG activity did not change during sitting or supine positions. Results indicated that the sitting position had statistically significant advantages over the supine position for producing greater hamstring torque and maintaining similar levels of EMG output during isokinetic knee flexion.