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  • Author: Luiz Augusto Facchini x
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Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Elaine Tomasi, Fernando Vinholes Siqueira, Denise Silva Silveira, Elaine Thumé and Luiz Augusto Facchini

Background:

Physical activity counseling is an attribution of health professionals. As such, this paper aims to analyze the receipt of this form of counseling.

Methods:

Cross-sectional national study interviewing 12,402 adults living in the urban area of 100 Brazilian municipalities.

Results:

Overall counseling prevalence was 30%, falling to 20% when considering only counseling provided by health professionals. Counseling was significantly more frequent among women and among individuals who were older, married, had higher socioeconomic status, were former smokers, physically active, and reporting hypertension, diabetes, and excess weight.

Conclusions:

Little counseling was found to be done, this being a missed opportunity for health promotion. Health services and professionals therefore need to be trained and encouraged to provide adequate information to all health service users on the benefits of leading healthy lifestyles.

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Fernando V. Siqueira, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Denise S. Silveira, Roberto X. Piccini, Elaine Tomasi and Pedro C. Hallal

Background:

No data on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) are available in Brazil for a representative sample of the whole country. The current study describes LTPA levels of the Brazilian adult and elderly populations and explores its association with sex, age, and schooling.

Methods:

A countrywide household-based cross-sectional study was carried out, including separate samples of adult and elderly individuals from 23 states in Brazil selected through a multistage approach. LTPA was assessed using the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A cut-off point of 150 minutes per week was used.

Results:

12,402 adult and 6617 elderly individuals were interviewed in 100 cities. The proportion of individuals below the 150 minutes per week threshold in terms of LTPA was 82.6% (95% CI 81.9; 83.2) among the adults and 86.5% (95% CI 85.7; 87.3) among elderly individuals. Among adults, prevalence estimates were very consistent across regions. Elderly subjects living in states in the Northeast and North regions of the country were less active than those from the other regions. A clear positive dose-response association was observed between LTPA and schooling.

Conclusion:

Alarming rates of low levels of LTPA are found in Brazil, thus suggesting the need of urgent actions.