Few teaching areas receive greater attention by administrators than classroom management and discipline. Given the importance of managerial skills, how do teachers develop the pedagogical content knowledge and skill to assist in the appropriate selection and application of management techniques? This study was designed to compare the Interactive Video Classroom Management Training Program (IVCMTP), a teacher-directed videotape, and a traditional lecture instructional mode for instructional effectiveness in developing teaching candidates’ declarative knowledge of classroom management. ANCOVA indicated significant group effects (p < .05). Post hoc procedures revealed that the interactive video instruction program group scored significantly higher on a cognitive managerial assessment instrument than the teacher-directed video instruction group, the teacher-directed instruction group, or the control group. An interactive video training program appears to be an effective means for developing classroom management knowledge when compared to more traditional teaching methods.
Mary Jo Sariscsany and Frank Pettigrew
Mary Jo Sariscsany, Paul W. Darst and Hans van der Mars
This study sought to determine the effects of three teacher supervision patterns on student on-task and practice skill behavior. Three experienced physical education instructors and 3 off-task junior high school males served as subjects. An alternating treatments design was used to study the on-task behavior, total practice trials and appropriate practice trials under three supervision patterns: (a) close with feedback, (b) distant with feedback, and (c) distant with no feedback. Under the active supervision patterns (with feedback), teachers issued specific skill feedback to target students at a minimum of 0.5 per minute. Findings indicated that when the treatments were successfully implemented, (a) the percentage of on-task behavior was significantly higher during active supervision for two target students and (b) mixed results were produced for total practice trials and appropriate practice trials across all three treatments.